The Catholic University of America

School of Theology and Religious Studies (STRS)

Officers of Instruction

Faculty

Very Rev. Mark Morozowich, S.E.O.D. 

Dean and Associate Professor 

Charles B. Jones, M.T.S., Ph.D.

Associate Dean for Graduate Studies and Associate Professor

Rev. Christopher Begg, S.T.D., Ph.D.

Associate Dean for Seminary and Ministerial Programs and the Katherine Drexel Professor of Religious Studies

William C. Mattison III, Ph.D.

Associate Dean for Undergraduate Studies and Associate Professor

Rev. Stefanos Alexopoulos, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor

Rev. Regis Armstrong, O.F.M. Cap., M.Div., M.Th., MS.Ed., Ph.D.

The John C. and Gertrude P. Hubbard Professor of Religious Studies and Director, Spirituality

William Barbieri, Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Joshua Benson, Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Christopher J. Born, Ph.D.

Clinical Assistant Professor

David A. Bosworth, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor

Ian Boxall, D.Phil.

Associate Professor

Joseph Capizzi, Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Mark Clark, Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Rev. Msgr. Michael Clay, M.L.M., M.Div., D.Min.

Clinical Assistant Professor

Sr. Mary Collins, O.S.B., Ph.D.

Professor Emerita

Rev. Richard Delillio, O.S.F.S., M.A., M.Div., D.Min.

Clinical Associate Professor

Rev. Alexander A. Di Lella, O.F.M., S.T.L., S.S.L., Ph.D.

Professor Emeritus

William Dinges, Ph.D.

Professor and Director, Religion and Culture

Rev. Joseph A. Fitzmyer, S.J., S.T.L., S.S.L., Ph.D.

Professor Emeritus

Rev. John T. Ford, C.S.C., M.A., S.T.D.

Professor and Coordinator, Hispanic/Latino Studies Program

Rev. John P. Galvin, Dr. Theol.

Professor and Director, Historical/Systematic Theology

John Grabowski, Ph.D.

Associate Professor and Director, Moral Theology/Ethics

Rev. Patrick Granfield, O.S.B., Ph.D., S.T.D.

Professor Emeritus

Rev. John Paul Heil, M.Div., S.S.L., S.S.D.

Professor

Rev. Msgr. Kevin W. Irwin, S.T.D.

Monsignor Walter J. Schmitz Professor of Liturgical Studies

Rev. Joseph Jensen, O.S.B., S.S.L., S.T.D.

Professor Emeritus

Sr. Margaret Kelleher, O.S.U., Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Rev. Joseph A. Komonchak, S.T.L., Ph.D.

Professor Emeritus

David Lantigua, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor

William P. Loewe, Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Rev. Nicholas Lombardo, O.P., M.Div., S.T.B., Ph.D.

Assistant Professor

Rev. Emanuel Magro, M.S.L.S., Ph.D.

Assistant Professor

Hellen Mardaga, Ph.D., S.T.D.

Assistant Professor

Rev. Berard Marthaler, O.F.M. Conv., S.T.D., Ph.D.

Professor Emeritus

Rev. Frank J. Matera, Ph.D.

Professor Emeritus

Rev. Msgr. Paul G. McPartlan, M.A., S.T.L., D.Phil.

The Carl J. Peter Professor of Systematic Theology

Rev. Romuald Meogrossi, O.F.M. Conv., Ph.D.

Clinical Assistant Professor

Robert D. Miller II, O.F.S., Ph.D.

Associate Professor and Director, Biblical Studies

Nelson H. Minnich, S.T.B., Ph.D.

Professor

Rev. Francis J. Moloney, S.D.B., S.T.D., S.S.L., D.Phil.

Professor Emeritus

Chad C. Pecknold, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor

Rev. David N. Power, O.M.I., S.T.D.

Professor Emeritus

Michael Root, M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D.

Professor

Rev. Msgr. Stephen Rossetti, D.Min., Ph.D.

Clinical Associate Professor

Christopher J. Ruddy, Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Sr. Margaret Schreiber, O.P., S.T.D.

Assistant Professor and Director, Catechetics

Rev. Dominic Serra, S.L.D.

Associate Professor and Director, Liturgical Studies/Sacramental Theology

James W. Stroud, M.A., S.T.L., S.T.D.

Clinical Assistant Professor

Rev. Raymond Studzinski, O.S.B., Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Tarmo Toom, Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Rev. Msgr. Robert Trisco, Hist. Eccl. D.

Professor Emeritus

Wilhelmus Valkenberg, M.Div., Ph.D.

Professor

Susan Wessel, Ph.D.

Associate Professor and Director, Church History

Rev. Michael Witczak, S.L.D.

Associate Professor

Robin Darling Young, Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Associates of the Faculty

Very Rev. Chorbishop Seely Beggiani, S.T.D.

Adjunct Associate Professor

Agnes De Dreuzy, Ph.D.

Adjunct Assistant Professor

Rev. Kevin Kennedy, D.Min.

Adjunct Assistant Professor

Susan Timoney, S.T.D.

Adjunct Assistant Professor

Rev. Martin Burnham, M.Div./S.T.B.

Adjunct Lecturer

Rev. Gerard Sloyan, S.T.D., Ph.D.

Distinguished Lecturer

 

 University Seminary (Theological College)

Rev. Phillip J. Brown, S.S., J.D., S.T.B., J.C.D.
Rector
Rev. Gerald D. McBrearity, S.S., M.A., S.T.B., D.Min.
 Vice Rector
Rev. Martin Burham, M.A., M.Div., S.T.B. (S.S. Cand.)  
Rev. James Froehlich, OFM Cap., M.A., Ph.D.  
Rev. Anthony J. Pogorelc, S.S., M.Div., Ph.D.
 Director of Pastoral Formation
Rev. Steven Olds, S.S., S.T.B., S.T.D. (S.S. Cand.)  
Rev. David D. Thayer, S.S., S.T.L., Ph.D.
 Director of Intellectual Formation
Donna Leo
Treasurer
Jane O'Brien
Development Director

 

Lecture Series

The Mary Charles Bryce, O.S.B., Lecture in Religious Education
The Johannes Quasten Lecture
The Cardinal John Dearden Lecture
The Catholic Daughters of the Americas Lecture
Lecture in Jewish Culture and Religious Affairs
The Thomas Verner Moore Lecture (cosponsored with St. Anselm's Abbey)
Lectures associated with the Endowed Chairs
The Roland E. Murphy Lecture in Biblical Studies

Endowed Professorships

The Shakespeare Caldwell-Duval Professor of Theology. The founders professorship is supported by gifts donated by or honoring the following benefactors: Shakespeare Caldwell (May 1885), Francis A. Drexel (July 1888) and George L. Duval.

The Andrews-Kelly-Ryan Professor of Biblical Studies. The Andrews-Kelly-Ryan Professorship is supported by gifts donated by or honoring the following benefactors: Dr. Thomas F. Andrews (March 1901), Margaret Hughes Kelly (November 1889) and James J. and Hannah Cusack Ryan (November 1911).

The Warren-Blanding Professor of Religion and Culture. The Warren-Blanding Professorship was established by the Riley J. and Lillian N. Warren and Beatrice W. Blanding Foundation in January 1973.

The Catholic Daughters of the Americas Professor in American Church History. The professorship and endowment was established by the Catholic Daughters of the Americas in August 1975.

The John C. and Gertrude P. Hubbard Professor of Religious Studies. This professorship was established in October 1989 by Gertrude P. Hubbard in memory of her husband, Dr. John C. Hubbard, a former professor at this university, from The Dr. John Charles Hubbard and Gertrude Pardieck Hubbard Endowment.

The Carl J. Peter Professor of Systematic Theology and Ecumenism. The Peter professorship was established in 1995 to honor the memory of the Rev. Carl J. Peter, former dean of the School of Theology and Religious Studies (1977-1985). The holder of the chair lectures in those areas of theology to which Father Peter devoted his life of research, service and teaching.

The Monsignor Walter J. Schmitz, S.S., Professor of Liturgical Studies. The Very Rev. Walter J. Schmitz, S.S., Chair of Liturgical Studies was established in 1995 through a bequest from the estate of Father Schmitz, a former dean of the School of Sacred Theology.

The Katharine Drexel Chair in Religious Studies was established in 1997 to honor the memory of a woman who devoted her efforts to the work of evangelization and charity among the nation's native and African-American populations.

Student Endowments

Financial support for graduate study is listed elsewhere, along with specific funding for the School of Theology and Religious Studies: namely, Tuition Remission for Seminarians; The Catholic School Teacher's Tuition Waiver; Divinity Hall Burses; The Very Reverend Walter J. Schmitz Scholarship; The Johannes Quasten Scholarship; The McShain Scholarships for Seminarians; and The Hubbard Dissertation Fellowships. New endowments include the following:

The Monsignor John Tracy Ellis Scholarship Fund. This fund was established in July 1985 on the 80th birthday of Monsignor John Tracy Ellis, professor of church history at Catholic University until his retirement in 1989. The award is made to students studying church history. The present endowment may be augmented by gifts from alumni and other donors.

Albert and Martha Senn Scholarship Fund. This award is made to students in theology in memory of the grandparents of an alumnus of the university.

Sisters Virginia and Elizabeth Sloyan Scholarship Fund. This award, established as an endowment in 2002 by an anonymous donor, is made to M.A. level students in the field of religious education.

Third World Scholarships. This fund was established in 1984 by the late Dean Carl J. Peter for students from the Third World. The major contributor is Missionhurst, American IHM Province. Consequently, recipients are called the "Missionhurst Scholars." Other contributors include the Augustinian Fathers, Paulist Fathers, and Precious Blood Fathers. The present endowment may be augmented by gifts from religious communities and other donors.

Avery Cardinal Dulles, S.J., Scholarship Fund in Theology. The selection of students for this scholarship is to be confined to those who have shown outstanding potential to succeed in their graduate studies and have been accepted into the university's doctoral programs in theology. First preference will be given to scholars who are Catholic priests and religious.

Quasten Medal

The Johannes Quasten Medal for Excellence in Scholarship and Leadership in Religious Studies was established in 1985 by Dean William Cenkner, O.P. The medal is named for Professor Johannes Quasten, the renowned patristic scholar who was a member of the faculty from 1938 until his retirement in 1979. The medal is awarded to extern scholars whose excellence in research and leadership is acknowledged in the academic world.

Rev. Brian E. Daley, S.J.

Rev. Jeremy Driscoll, O.S.B.

Rev. Jared Wicks, S.J.

Rev. Gerard S. Sloyan

E. Glenn Hinson

Rev. Louis Bouyer

Robert A. Markus

David Herlihy

Rev. Robert Taft, S.J.

Hermann J. Pottmeyer

John T. Noonan

Rev. Joseph A. Fitzmyer, S.J.

Gerald Bonner

Rev. David Tracy

Rev. Raymond E. Brown, S.S.

Rev. Virgilio Elizondo

Rev. Berard Marthaler, O.F.M. Conv.

Rev. John O'Malley, S.J.

Rev. Lawrence G. Wrenn

Bernard McGinn

Rev. Cyprian Davis, O.S.B.

Brian Tierney

Rev. John R. Donahue, S.J.

Geoffrey Wainwright

Rev. Gerald O'Collins, S.J.

Metropolitan Kallistos Ware

History

From its foundation The Catholic University of America has given academic priority to theology and religious studies and related disciplines. Initially the academic programs in these areas were offered in the School of Sacred Sciences (1889). In time there emerged the School of Canon Law (1923), followed by the Seminary Program (1931) and, within the School of Arts and Sciences, the Department of Religion (1932). The original School of Sacred Sciences was later divided into The School of Sacred Theology and The School of Philosophy (1937). In 1970 The Liturgical Studies Program was instituted. After an extensive review of programs and structures, the Board of Trustees approved a recommendation by the Academic Senate to establish a new School of Religious Studies in September 1973. The school was composed of five departments: biblical studies, canon law, church history, religion and religious education, and theology. In 2002, the Board of Trustees, in accordance with the recommendation of the Academic Senate, voted that the canon law department be reestablished as the School of Canon Law and that the remaining academic units of the school become programs in the School of Theology and Religious Studies. By thus coordinating existing units, The Catholic University of America established the School of Theology and Religious Studies as a national center of academic research, instruction and service.

The School of Theology and Religious Studies at The Catholic University of America is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education and the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada.

Mission

The mission of The Catholic University of America is to render service in the United States as an intellectual center of the highest quality where every dimension of truth, natural and revealed, can be examined with competent expertise. The university seeks in particular to maintain a position of excellence in biblical and liturgical studies, church history, religion and culture, religious education, ethics, spirituality, and theology. The university accords priority to theology and to religious studies and to programs that explore the Roman Catholic tradition of humanistic learning and that study its relevance to the needs of society and the Church.

To help realize the mission of the university, the School of Theology and Religious Studies sets itself two goals, namely, to promote excellence in teaching, research, and publication in the area of theology and religious studies, and to provide professional training for lay and clerical leaders who will serve the Roman Catholic community in the United States and throughout the world. In pursuit of these goals, the school places emphasis on an interdisciplinary approach and collaboration with other schools of the university, on the ecumenical and interreligious dimensions of all theological studies, on the exploration of relations between religion and culture, and on the promotion of informed efforts to work for justice and peace, both within the Church and in the world, in the light of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

Degree Programs

To respond to the needs of the Church in the world, the School of Theology and Religious Studies offers ecclesiastical, civil, and pastoral degrees. The School of Theology and Religious Studies offers ecclesiastical degrees (S.T.B., S.T.L., S.T.D.) in the fields of Biblical Theology, Liturgical Studies/Sacramental Theology, Moral Theology, and Historical and Systematic Theology. It offers civil degrees (M.A., Ph.D.) in the fields of Biblical Studies, Church History, Historical Theology (Ph.D. only), Systematic Theology (Ph.D. only), Historical and Systematic Theology (M.A. only), Liturgical Studies/Sacramental Theology, Moral Theology/Ethics, Catechetics, Religion and Culture, and Spirituality. Finally, it has developed pastoral degrees in Catholic theology and Hispanic ministry (M.Div.), adult spiritual formation, liturgical studies, pastoral care and counseling (D.Min.), and catechesis (M.Cat.).

Certificates are offered in the fields of Hispanic pastoral leadership and pastoral studies.  There are also joint degree programs offered with the Department of Library and Information Science (M.A./M.S.L.S) and with the School of Philosophy (S.T.B./Ph.B.). For admission criteria, degree requirements and course offerings, see the program descriptions below.

Ecclesiastical Degree Programs

The School of Theology and Religious Studies is an ecclesiastical faculty. In virtue of its accreditation by the Holy See, programs leading to certain degrees in theology (S.T.B., S.T.L., S.T.D.) are recognized as having canonical effects. Such programs satisfy both the norms established by the Holy See and the usual university requirements.

Since 1931, the sequence of Baccalaureate (S.T.B.), Licentiate (S.T.L.), and Doctorate in Sacred Theology (S.T.D.), degrees has been regulated by uniform norms observed by Catholic faculties and universities throughout the world. In 1979, Pope John Paul II promulgated an apostolic Constitution, Sapientia Christiana, which currently governs the granting of ecclesiastical degrees.

By offering these degrees, the School preserves a theological heritage and strives for eminence in a developing community of Catholic faculties and universities aspiring to academic cooperation that transcends national and cultural boundaries.

The ecclesiastical degrees provide a theological education focused upon research. For many years they were awarded almost exclusively to those preparing for the reception of Holy Orders in the Roman Catholic Church and those wishing to acquire further theological competency after ordination. For several decades, however, all qualified men and women have been welcomed into the ecclesiastical degree program and have earned these academic degrees in theology in order to prepare themselves for a wide variety of roles and ministries in the Church and world.

These degrees are offered by the following academic areas: Biblical Studies, Historical and Systematic Theology, Liturgical Studies and Sacramental Theology, and Moral Theology/Ethics.

Bachelor of Sacred Theology, S.T.B. (Sacrae Theologiae Baccalaureus)

The S.T.B. degree provides the student with the opportunity to attain a broad theological orientation at the graduate level. This is a prerequisite for the further specialization of the licentiate, S.T.L., which in this degree sequence presupposes familiarity with the wide variety of subject matter and disciplines that constitute the Christian theological tradition.

Admission Requirements

1. A bachelor's degree from an accredited college or university.

2. Superior achievement and the ability to pursue graduate work as indicated by official transcripts from previous institutions of study.

3. The results of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or Miller Analogies Test (MAT). GRE scores rather than MAT are necessary for applicants to be considered for most university scholarships.

4. Non-native English-speakers should demonstrate evidence of English proficiency through submission of TOEFL scores or through some other means. The TOEFL may be waived if the applicant possesses a previous academic degree from a university in an English-speaking setting.

5. At least three academic letters of recommendation.

6. An undergraduate foundation in philosophy (18 credits), including courses in the following areas: history of philosophy, logic, metaphysics, ethics, philosophy of God, and philosophical anthropology.

7. An undergraduate background in religious studies that has provided an introduction to Old Testament literature and an introduction to New Testament literature.

8. A reading knowledge of Latin.

 

Degree Requirements

Coursework

A minimum of 69 semester hours of credit is required according to the following distribution:

1. The proseminar for master's students (TRS 699) ordinarily should be taken in the first semester.

2. Foundational--21 credits: History and Method in Theology (3), Foundations of Christian Moral Life (3), Introduction to Patristic Theology (3), Foundations of Liturgy and Sacraments (3), Pastoral Theology (3), Introduction to Christian Spirituality (3), Basic Principles of Canon Law (3). Introduction to History and Method in Theology and Foundations of Christian Moral Life must be taken by S.T.B. students during the first year in the program.

3. Systematic theology--15 credits, selected from: Revelation and Faith (3), Theology of God (3), Christian Anthropology (3), Christology (3), Theology of the Church (3), Mariology (3), Christian Eschatology (3).

4. Liturgical studies and sacramental theology--six credits, selected from: Sacraments of Initiation (3), Eucharist (3), Sacraments of Reconciliation and Anointing (3), Ordained Ministries (3)

5. Moral theology--nine credits: Marriage (3), Christian Social and Political Ethics (3), Biomedical Ethics (3).

6. Scripture--15 credits: two courses from Old Testament offerings (6), two courses from New Testament offerings (6), one course chosen from either set of offerings (3). These courses are to be chosen from the following: Pentateuch; Prophets; Psalms; Synoptics; John; Pauline Letters.

7. Church history--three credits: one course chosen from the appropriate offerings.

8. Students who are candidates for priesthood in the Roman Catholic Church must take one course in a non-Roman Catholic ecclesial tradition during their course of studies.

Language Requirement

Students are expected to have a reading knowledge of Latin. Since Latin is considered a prerequisite for the S.T.B., this requirement must be satisfied by the end of the first fall semester in the program.

Course Load

Ministerial students are encouraged to take advantage of available pastoral courses. No student may carry a course load beyond 15 credit hours, inclusive of optional pastoral courses. With the approval of the Dean, and under the condition that the course is not being offered in a given term by STRS, one course per term may ordinarily be taken outside of the School. To ensure the academic integrity of the degree, only one course from each academic area may be taken outside the School.

Grade Point Average

The student must maintain a grade point average of 2.75 or above.

Comprehensive Examination

To qualify for the comprehensive examination, the student must have satisfied the Latin requirement and have a grade point average of 2.75 or above. The awarding of the S.T.B. degree also depends on the successful completion of the comprehensive examination.

Usually the student takes the comprehensive examination during the sixth semester of study. The subject matter of the examination is material covered in the courses in systematic and sacramental theology, moral theology and Scripture. Past exam questions and a list of themes and readings for review are available from STRS.

Students may choose either a three-hour written examination or a one-hour oral examination before three members of the faculty. In order to pass the comprehensive exam, a student must receive an average grade of 2.5 (on a scale of 0 to 4.0) on the exam. A candidate for the S.T.B. degree may not continue candidacy after two failures in the comprehensive examination.

Residency

The residency requirement for the S.T.B. degree is six semesters in full-time enrollment or the equivalent.

Transfer Students

Students transferring into the School of Theology and Religious Studies from another institution may ask to have up to 33 credits applied to their S.T.B. requirements from their former institution, provided that these credits are at the grade level B or higher and are comparable to those required by the S.T.B. degree, as administered by the School. The Associate Dean for Seminary and Ministerial Programs will make the final decision about the number of credits to be applied.

Licentiate in Sacred Theology, S.T.L. (Sacrae Theologiae Licentiatus)

The S.T.L. degree involves the development of appropriate methods of scientific investigation in theology, specialization in one area of theological concentration through a thesis, and a set of written and oral comprehensive examinations.  All applicants must have completed a previous academic program calculated to inculcate a basic familiarity with the long history of Christian theological reflection.

 Admission

Admission to the S.T.L. degree program is based on the following:

1. Possession of the S.T.B. degree from an ecclesiastical university or faculty or a comparable M.Div., M.A., or M.T.S. with coursework that is equivalent to that required for the S.T.B. at Catholic University (see above section on the S.T.B.). Such coursework must have been completed with a minimum grade point average of 3.0.

2. The results of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or Miller Analogies Test (MAT). However, GRE scores (and not the MAT) are necessary for applicants to be considered for most university scholarships.

3. Non-native English-speakers should demonstrate evidence of English proficiency through submission of Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) scores or through some comparable means. The TOEFL may be waived if the applicant possesses a previous academic degree from a university in an English-speaking setting.

4. At least three academic letters of recommendation.

5. A reading knowledge of Latin.


Conditional Admission

The School may grant conditional admission to those applicants not meeting the above prerequisites. In such cases, the academic area advisor will decide under what circumstances the conditions will be lifted, usually by assigning prerequisite courses that do not count toward the degree.

Provisional Admission 

Students entering their seventh semester of theological study in the S.T.B. program who have obtained permission to delay their S.T.B. comprehensives until the scheduled dates may apply for provisional admission to the S.T.L. program, provided their cumulative grade point average is 3.0 or higher.

 

Degree Requirements

Coursework

Each S.T.L. student must successfully complete at least 24 credit hours of coursework on the 700 or 800 level. These required credits must be taken in the student's chosen academic area of major concentration, and normally will be from the school's course offerings. However, the student may take advantage of the broad offerings of the University in subjects useful for the student's specialization in theology by taking up to six credit hours in another school of the University. In each instance the written approvals of Associate Dean for Graduate Studies and of the dean or chair of the other school or department are required.

Language Requirements

Candidates for the S.T.L. degree must fulfill the following language requirements before taking comprehensive examinations:

1. A reading knowledge of Latin. Since Latin is considered an S.T.L. prerequisite, it must be satisfied by the end of the first fall semester in the program.

2. Demonstration of proficiency in Biblical or theological Greek.

3. Reading ability in either French or German. This requirement must be satisfied by the end of the semester before the candidate takes the comprehensive examinations. With the agreement of the student's thesis director and subject to the approval of the faculty, a modern language other than French or German may qualify to fulfill the modern language requirement if the student's thesis research involves that language to a significant extent.

4. Because of the nature of the subject, an S.T.L. degree with a concentration in Biblical theology involves additional Greek and Hebrew requirements. In addition to the 24 semester hours of S.T.L. coursework, two courses in Hebrew and two courses in Biblical Greek, both beyond the elementary level, will be considered prerequisites for those concentrating in Biblical Theology. These should be taken in the first two semesters of study.

Course Load

The normal course load for S.T.L. work is nine hours per semester. Students sometimes take 12 hours of credit the first semester of study. Registration for two courses and S.T.L. Thesis Guidance is considered full-time status.

S.T.L. Thesis Guidance

In addition to the minimum of 24 credit hours of coursework, each student must write a thesis. The candidate will be expected to register for S.T.L. Thesis Guidance (TRS 993) for each of three successive semesters, beginning with the second semester of enrollment in the S.T.L. program. The purpose of thesis guidance is to direct the student in readings pertinent to the chosen areas of concentration, help the student prepare a thesis proposal, and guide the student in the writing of the thesis.

Thesis

Each candidate for the S.T.L. degree must write a thesis of 75 to 100 pages (approximately 20,000 to 25,000 words) which demonstrates the ability to proceed further in scientific theological research. The thesis should give evidence of training in research and make a contribution to theological knowledge involving a limited, yet significant, problem of investigation. It must prove the candidate's familiarity with basic methods and techniques of research, technical mastery of the limited subject matter and ability to exercise sound theological judgment and to formulate accurate conclusions. The thesis proposal is approved by the director and reader and the academic area and then presented to the Ecclesiastical Degrees Committee. Normally, the proposal should be presented to the faculty before the end of the first year of residency (i.e., the first semester of thesis guidance).

Upon completion of the thesis, the student will receive six credits. The director and the reader signify their approval in writing on the "Final Approval of Thesis" form available from the office of the associate dean for graduate studies. A student may not take the comprehensive examinations until such approval has been secured. After the student has successfully passed the oral comprehensive examination, he or she must deposit the original exemplar of the final form of the thesis in the office of the Vice Provost and Dean of Graduate Studies.

Comprehensive Examinations

The student must successfully complete comprehensive examinations, both written and oral, which require appropriate mastery of the student's chosen area of concentration. To qualify for the comprehensive examinations, the student must have

1. maintained at least a 3.0 cumulative grade point average,

2. completed all language requirements, and

3. received the approval of the director and reader of the thesis. The comprehensive examinations may not be taken before the midpoint of the final semester of residency.

The comprehensive examinations include an oral and a written test. The written examination is based on a list of books in the student's area of concentration. The written examination will be four hours in duration and will be graded by the director and reader of the thesis plus one additional faculty member assigned by the academic area director. The student must receive a passing grade (at least 3.0) on the written comprehensives in order to proceed to the oral comprehensives.

The oral examination consists of an examination on the student's book list. It will be one hour in duration and will take place before the same examiners who previously graded the written comprehensives.

The examination will be graded on the basis of a scale from 0 to 4. The final result will be the average of the scores given by each of the three examiners in a secret vote. An average of 3.0 is needed to pass.

A candidate for the S.T.L. degree may not continue candidacy after two failures in the comprehensive examinations.

Grade Point Average

Students must maintain a grade point average of 3.0 or higher to remain in good standing. In order to earn an S.T.L. degree, the student must obtain a cumulative grade (derived from the combined average of coursework, thesis, and the comprehensive examination) of 3.0 or higher. To be eligible for acceptance into the S.T.D. program, however, a student must receive a cumulative grade point average of 3.3 or higher for all S.T.L. work.

Residency

The residency requirement for the S.T.L. degree is four semesters in full-time enrollment or the equivalent.

Doctor of Sacred Theology, S.T.D. (Sacrae Theologiae Doctor)

The S.T.D. is an academic degree conferred only after a candidate with a basic, tested theological orientation and proven competence in one area of specialization has shown ability for achievement in scholarly research and publication.

Admission Requirements

Applicants for the S.T.D. program are requested to submit their applications for admission, along with their letters of intent, prior to Feb. 1. Applications received after that date will be considered; however, such applications will have passed the deadline for most university-level scholarships.

Admissions to the S.T.D. program will be based on the following requirement:

1. Possession of the S.T.L. degree from The Catholic University of America or from another ecclesiastical faculty or university, or a graduate degree in theology that demonstrates equivalency to the S.T.L. requirements. (Additional seminars may be required in the doctoral program to provide the faculty the opportunity to be of greater assistance to a candidate who has been educated elsewhere.) Students whose previous graduate theological work is in an area of concentration different from that proposed for the S.T.D. will be required to take additional courses and/or pass the licentiate comprehensive examination with a minimum grade of 3.0 in their new academic area of study. Applicants who earned their S.T.L. at another university must submit a copy of their S.T.L. thesis along with their application.

2. A cumulative grade point average of 3.3 or better in S.T.L. or other prior graduate work which has been accepted as its equivalent.

3. A letter of intent stating the proposed area of concentration, previous preparation in that area, and anticipated achievements.

4. The results of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or Miller Analogies Test (MAT). However, GRE scores rather than MAT scores are necessary for applicants to be considered for most university scholarships.

5. Non-native English-speakers should demonstrate evidence of English proficiency through submission of Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) scores or or through some comparable means. If the applicant earned a prior degree in an English-speaking environment, this requirement may be waived.

6. At least three academic letters of recommendation.

7. Demonstrated proficiency in Latin and Biblical Greek. In addition, the applicant should have a demonstrated reading proficiency in either French or German.

 

Degree Requirements

Coursework

Twelve semester hours of credits selected from doctoral seminars relevant to the student's area of concentration/proposed research topic are required for the S.T.D.. Normally, these will be 800-level courses in the student's academic area. Any course taken to fulfill this requirement must require (or make provision for) a substantial research paper (ca. 25-30 pages).

Course Load

No more than six credit hours of coursework in the academic area plus dissertation guidance may be taken during any one of the four semesters of course work in the S.T.D. program, for a total of nine semester hours per semester.

Grade Point Average

The student must maintain at least a 3.0 cumulative grade point average to continue in the program.

Language Requirements

Demonstrated proficiency in Latin, Biblical Greek, and one modern language are prerequisites. Any student entering the S.T.D. program without these prerequisities must satisfy them by the end of the first fall semester in the program. Reading proficiency in a second modern language, i.e., French or German, must be demonstrated through successful completion of the school's modern language requirements (in both general and theological usage). This is ordinarily done during the first semester of matriculation. It is expected that all language requirements be satisfied by the end of the semester in which the student's dissertation proposal is submitted to the faculty for approval. Exceptions to this rule can be made only with the approval of the associate dean for graduate studies.

Candidacy

To be eligible for admission to candidacy for the S.T.D. degree, the student must have (a) satisfied the language requirements and (b) completed at least six credit hours of coursework. Students should make the request for candidacy in writing to the associate dean for graduate studies.

Dissertation Guidance

Four successive semesters of dissertation guidance over and above the 12 credit hours of doctoral seminars are required. The candidate may choose (or, if circumstances require, will be assigned) a faculty adviser upon entering the program. The faculty adviser chosen or assigned may be changed with the approval of the academic area director.

Lectio

Prior to defense of the doctoral dissertation, the student must pass a comprehensive oral examination (lectio ad coram) based on the origins, history and contemporary status of the entire area suggested by the topic of the dissertation.

Dissertation

Each candidate must prepare and successfully defend a dissertation written under the guidance of a director. The dissertation is expected to demonstrate technical mastery of the subject, the ability to engage in scholarly research, and to formulate conclusions significant to the academic theological community.

Residency

The residency requirement for the S.T.D. is four semesters in full-time enrollment. Students who have completed the S.T.L. at The Catholic University of America or in an institution with requirements judged equivalent by the Admissions Committee require only two semesters of residence, followed by such extended residence as needed during the preparation of the dissertation.

Civil Degrees—M.A. and Ph.D. Programs

Nature and Goals

The following description of the nature and requirements of the M.A. and Ph.D. programs in the School of Theology and Religious Studies provides a general outline of these degree programs across the school. Please refer to the sections describing the degree requirements in individual academic areas for more detail.

Master of Arts degree

 

Requirements

The M.A. program introduces the student to scholarship and research in a selected area of theology and religious studies. The goal of the program is to help the student develop critical literacy in the chosen area. The M.A. program promotes a broad and solid grounding in the various academic areas while also allowing for a measure of concentration according to personal preference. The degree program provides a thorough and rigorous foundation in for further graduate studies and appropriate theological training for ministerial preparation.

Academic Areas of Specialization

The School of Theology and Religious Studies offers the M.A. degree in Biblical Studies, Church History, Historical and Systematic Theology, Liturgical Studies/Sacramental Theology, Moral Theology/Ethics, Religion and Culture, Catechetics, and Spirituality.

Admission Requirements

1. A bachelor's degree from an accredited college or university. All previous transcripts must be submitted with the application.

2. Superior achievement, appropriate preparation, and the ability to pursue graduate work as indicated by official transcripts from previous institutions of study.

3. The results of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or Miller Analogies Test (MAT). However, GRE scores (rather than MAT) are necessary for applicants to be considered for most university scholarships and are strongly preferred.

4. Non-native English speakers must demonstrate evidence of English proficiency through submission of Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) scores or through some other means. Contact the university Office of Graduate Admissions for questions about eligibility for waiver of the TOEFL.

5. At least three academic letters of recommendation.

6. Statement of purpose.

Coursework

The M.A. program requires 30 credit hours of coursework, including either a thesis (six credit hours) or two major research papers. All master's-level students must take the Proseminar for Master's Students (TRS 699) in their first year of study.

Language Requirement

M.A. students must demonstrate proficiency in a foreign language, ordinarily in French, German, or Spanish, by passing a specially designed exam offered by the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures or by the school. Further language requirements may be specified as appropriate for a particular area of study.

Comprehensive Examination

The M.A. comprehensive examination is written and administered on two successive days. It is normally taken in the last semester of coursework, on the dates set by the School. In most areas of study, a reading list is provided to assist the student's preparation.

Grade Point Average

Students must maintain an average of 3.0. A 3.3 average is required in order to apply for a Ph.D. course of study.

Thesis Option

M.A. students who choose to write a thesis must register for two semesters of M.A. Thesis Guidance. The thesis itself should demonstrate the student's ability to do research by making a modest contribution to knowledge involving a limited but significant topic of investigation.

Specifically, the thesis should demonstrate the student's familiarity with basic methods of research; mastery of the limited subject matter; ability to exercise sound judgments involving analysis, comparison and/or criticism; and the capacity to draw appropriate and accurate conclusions. The length of the thesis is primarily governed by the nature of the subject matter and the research involved but ordinarily should be 75-100 pages. The student, with the help of a faculty member who serves as director, will prepare a one-page thesis proposal that presents the background, purpose, method, and contribution of the thesis. The proposal with a selected bibliography will be submitted to the director of the academic area for approval.

Research Papers Option

M.A. students writing two research papers are reminded that one paper must show familiarity with pertinent works in either an ancient or modern foreign language, as specified by the requirements for the M.A. degree presented in the section of these Announcements that deals with their specific degree program.

Residency

The M.A. program requires at least one year of residency.

Doctor of Philosophy degree

 

 Admission Requirements

1. A master's degree from an accredited university or seminary.

2. Superior achievement, appropriate preparation, and the ability to pursue advanced graduate work, as indicated by official transcripts from previous institutions of study.

3. The results of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or Miller Analogies Test (MAT). However, GRE scores (rather than the MAT) are necessary for applicants to be considered for most university scholarships and are strongly preferred.

4. Non-native English speakers must demonstrate evidence of English proficiency through submission of Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) scores or through some other means. Contact the university Office of Graduate Admissions for questions about eligibility for waiver of the TOEFL.

5. At least three academic letters of recommendation.

6. Statement of purpose.

7. Writing sample.

Prerequisites

Applicants should possess an M.A. or other master's-level degree (e.g., M.Div.) in theology or religious studies or those equivalent to those offered by the school. Applicants who are in the process of completing an M.A. may be admitted conditionally to the program if they have maintained a minimum GPA of 3.3. The condition will be lifted when the School receives confirmation of their graduation from their master's program with the required GPA.

Residency

Students in the Ph.D. program should be enrolled on a full-time basis as defined by the University while completing their coursework. Students who have completed their minimum period of residency must continue in extended residence until all the requirements for the degree are fulfilled. Extended residence requires registration for comprehensives (1 credit hour), or for dissertation guidance (1 credit hour), unless a student is granted an academic leave. If a student fails to register for enough courses to be considered full-time, he or she becomes ineligible for School-funded scholarships.

Coursework

At least thirty hours of coursework are required beyond the M.A. degree. Additional requirements may be specified by individual academic areas.

Grade Point Average

Ph.D. students must maintain a 3.3 grade point average to remain in good standing. Recipients of School scholarships must maintain a minimum GPA of 3.4. Students who fall below the minimum GPA will be put on academic probation for one semester, and dismissed if they fail to meet the minimum by the end of the summer.

Language Requirement

The language requirements for Ph.D. students are set forth in the degree program descriptions of the individual academic areas.

Comprehensive Examination

Ph.D. students will be required to complete written comprehensives within the various academic areas given over the course of three days in at least three distinct areas of study. Each academic area director, in collaboration with appropriate faculty and the dean, will determine the modality of comprehensive exams. Individual academic areas may also require an oral examination.

The purpose of the comprehensive examination is not simply to examine students about knowledge already acquired within coursework, but also to provide students with the opportunity to study areas not touched upon by coursework, to deepen knowledge of areas already studied, and to synthesize and interrelate areas of theological knowledge.

Admission to Candidacy

Admission to the Ph.D. program and successful completion of comprehensive examinations does not guarantee subsequent admission to candidacy for the degree, defined as permission to proceed to the dissertation. To be admitted to candidacy, the student must have done the following:

1. Fulfilled the language requirements;

2. Completed all coursework;

3. Completed minor requirements, where applicable;

4. Passed the examination in the major concentration area; and

5. Been recommended by the director of the specified academic area.

Dissertation Proposal Guidelines

1. Director and Committee. The selection of a doctoral dissertation director is the student's responsibility. Ordinarily, the director will be a full-time faculty member in the School of Theology and Religious Studies. The student, dissertation director, and director of the academic area will cooperate in identifying two other faculty members to serve as readers. No more than one reader may come from outside the STRS, unless the Dean of the School approves an exception. On rare occasions, and with the dean's permission, two faculty may serve as co-directors.

2. Preparation of the Proposal. After careful work among the candidate, the director, and two readers, an initial proposal should be submitted to the director of the academic area as appropriate. The area faculty, or a representative group established by the academic area director, will meet with the student to refine the proposal further. When this group is satisfied, the proposal will then be forwarded to all members of the academic area, who have two days in which to register their assessments. Once the proposal has been approved by the academic area, it is forwarded to the Ph.D. Committee for review.

3. Presentation of the proposal to the Ph.D. Proposal Committee. One hard copy and one electronic copy of the proposal are to be sent to the Ph.D. Proposal Committee chair. This is to include the Doctoral Dissertation and Topic Committee: Request for Approval form, with all relevant signatures. (An electronic copy of this form is available from the Office of the Associate Dean for Graduate Studies.) The Ph.D. Proposal Committee will then review the proposal. If the proposal is acceptable to the Ph.D. Committee as presented, the candidate and director will be so informed in writing. If the proposal is unacceptable to the Ph.D. Proposal Committee as presented, the candidate and director will be so informed in writing. Once revised, the proposal must be resubmitted for approval by the Ph.D. Proposal Committee. The Ph.D. Proposal Committee will normally meet once per month during the academic year. The proposal should be delivered to the committee chair at least one week prior to the meeting.

4. Dissertation Proposal Format. The dissertation proposal is to follow the format prescribed by the Dean of Graduate Studies Office on the back of the Doctoral Dissertation Topic and Committee: Request for Approval form. The Select Bibliography should be no more than two pages in length.

5. Completion of the Dissertation Approval Process. Upon approval by the Ph.D. Proposal Committee and formal notification of the student and director, the dissertation proposal will be forwarded to the Dean of the School of Theology and Religious Studies. Upon approval by the Dean, the proposal is forwarded to the Office of the Vice-Provost and Dean of Graduate Studies office for external review and approval. Once this is completed, the student will receive a letter from that office informing him or her that the proposal has been approved and specifying the due date for the finished dissertation.

6. Dissertation Defense. Once the dissertation is completed and the director and readers give their approval, the School will organize an oral defense in accordance with university regulations. The student has five years from the date of admission to candidacy to complete and defend the dissertation. The dean of the school may grant an extension of up to one year with cause.

Administrative Details

Administrative details regarding proposal, approval, dissertation publication, printing, and graduation and commencement are available from the Associate Director of Graduate Studies.

Academic Areas of Study

Biblical Studies

Professors Rev. Christopher Begg; Rev. John Paul Heil
Associate Professor Robert D. Miller II, O.F.S., director; Ian Boxall
Assistant Professors David A. Bosworth, Hellen Mardaga
Professor Emeriti Rev. Alexander A. Di Lella, O.F.M.; Rev. Joseph A. Fitzmyer, S.J.; Rev. Joseph Jensen, O.S.B.; Rev. Frank J. Matera; Rev. Francis J. Moloney, S.D.B.

Goals of the Academic Area

The program is designed to provide men and women with the training necessary for effective teaching, research, and publication in the biblical field. The main emphasis is placed on control of biblical languages and exegesis.

Degrees Offered

The program offers the M.A. and Ph.D. in biblical studies and the S.T.L. and S.T.D. in biblical theology.

 

M.A. and Ph.D. in Biblical Studies

Prerequisites

Since a theological component is considered essential for training in exegesis, which is itself a theological endeavor, students who are admitted with only an undergraduate concentration in religious studies or its equivalent will be required to take for credit a minimum of three graduate courses in theology. Students with undergraduate majors in such fields as ancient history or classical languages and literature may apply for admission to the program but will have to attain a level of competence in religious studies and theology. Such study may be undertaken or completed during the course of study. Students entering the program with no background in Hebrew or Greek will be required to take elementary Hebrew (six credit hours) and elementary Greek (six credit hours). These credits are not counted toward the degree requirements in biblical studies.

Degree Requirements

The beginning student may proceed through two stages of courses, the first on the M.A. level, the second on the Ph.D. level. The courses in each stage are normally as follows:

M.A. Level

1. Biblical Greek (at least three courses beyond the elementary level).

2. Biblical Hebrew (at least three courses beyond the elementary level).

3. Exegesis (one Old Testament course, one New Testament course).

4. Related area (at least one course).

5. Thesis guidance.

Ph.D. Level

1. Exegesis (four Old Testament courses, one New Testament course, or vice versa).

2. A second Semitic language (at least two courses).

3. Theology and related areas (at least three courses).

4. Dissertation guidance.

Semester hours of credit must total at least 30 hours for the M.A. degree, with a minimum of 30 additional hours for the Ph.D. degree. In view of the diversity of backgrounds of beginning students, courses at the two levels may be adjusted to meet individual needs.

Biblical Languages

The student must achieve sufficient control of the languages of the Bible for independent research. All students must demonstrate competence in Greek, Hebrew and at least one other Semitic language. Mastery of these languages should be the primary goal of the student at the M.A. level of the program. The competence expected is that generally achieved by two years of Greek and Hebrew beyond the elementary level and by one year of another Semitic language. New Testament specialists will be expected to have further training in Greek and may wish to study Coptic or take additional courses in Aramaic or Syriac. Old Testament specialists will be expected to have further training in Hebrew and Syriac and may wish to study Arabic, Ugaritic or Akkadian. The Semitic languages are offered by the Department of Semitic and Egyptian Languages and Literatures in the School of Arts and Sciences in conjunction with the biblical studies academic area. Biblical Greek is offered by the biblical studies academic area.

Doctor of Philosophy Degree

The student pursuing the doctorate in biblical studies must fulfill the following requirements:

1. M.A. in a related discipline.

2. A reading knowledge of both French and German.

3. A minimum of 30 semester hours of credit beyond the M.A. degree.

4. A satisfactory level of attainment in theological understanding and methodology.

5. A written comprehensive examination at the conclusion of the coursework.

6. A doctoral dissertation.

Ph.D. Comprehensive Examination

For the Ph.D. comprehensive examination, each student is given a study guide tailored individually according to the doctoral-level exegetical seminars the student has taken. A student specializing in New Testament is responsible for four seminars in New Testament, one in Old Testament; conversely, an Old Testament specialist is responsible for four seminars in Old Testament, one in New Testament. The student is responsible for the translation, textual criticism, parsing, grammar, syntax and exegesis of designated passages as well as a dozen or so general questions about the Old Testament and New Testament. A bibliography is provided. The comprehensive examination is designed to take three days.

The first day consists of exegesis of two passages from the Testament of the student's specialization. As in the M.A. comprehensive examination, the student must translate, criticize the text of and give a verse-by-verse exegesis of each passage as well as answer specific questions about it.

The second day consists of general questions on the testament of the student's specialization. The third day consists of the exegesis of one passage from the other testament and general questions about it.

S.T.L. and S.T.D. in Biblical Theology

In addition to its M.A.-Ph.D. program, the biblical studies area offers the licentiate (S.T.L.) and the doctorate (S.T.D.) in biblical theology. These degrees, which are accredited by the Holy See, are especially appropriate for clerics and those who intend to teach in ecclesiastical faculties.

The S.T.L. in Biblical Theology

Prerequisites for the S.T.L. in Biblical Theology

To be admitted to the S.T.L. program a student must have already earned an S.T.B. in theology, or its equivalent, e.g., an M.Div. The CUA S.T.B. requires 69 credits in academic theology, a comprehensive examination, and a reading knowledge of Latin.

Program of Study for the S.T.L. in Biblical Theology

  • 24 credits in exegesis at the licentiate (700) or doctoral (800) level.

  • Thesis guidance (for at least three successive semesters).

  • S.T.L. thesis and a comprehensive examination based on a booklist available on the website of the School of Theology and Religious Studies.

Language Requirements for the S.T.L. in Biblical Theology

· Greek: 6 credits beyond introductory Greek, which normally requires 6 credits.
· Hebrew: 6 credits beyond introductory Hebrew, which normally requires 6 credits.
· Latin
· French or German
 

The S.T.D. in Biblical Theology

Prerequisites for the S.T.D. in Biblical Theology

To be admitted to the S.T.D. in biblical theology, a student must have an S.T.L. in biblical theology or an S.S.L. from the Biblical Institute (Rome) or the Pontifical Biblical Commission.

Program of Study for the S.T.D. in Biblical Theology

  • Twelve credits in exegesis at the doctoral (800) level.
  • Dissertation guidance for at least four successive semesters.
  • Lectio on a topic related to the student's dissertation topic
  • S.T.D. dissertation and defense.

Language Requirements for the S.T.D. in Biblical Theology

In addition to the language requirements listed above for the S.T.L., S.T.D. students must have a reading knowledge of both German and French.

Church History

Professors William Dinges; Nelson Minnich

Associate Professor

Mark Clark; Tarmo Toom; Susan Wessel, director; Joseph White

Professor Emeritus

Msgr. Robert Trisco

Adjunct Assistant Professor Agnes De Dreuzy

The program offers the M.A. and Ph.D in Church History

Master of Arts in Church History 

The goal of the M.A. in Church History is to prepare students for careers in religious education and for advanced study on the doctoral level. Students in the M.A. program are expected to think critically about the ways in which the Church has been studied over the centuries. In order to do this effectively, students are expected to acquire training in the relevant, original languages and to conduct their research in the primary texts. The program allows for students to complete coursework in related fields and disciplines.

Prerequisites

Students should have earned a Bachelor of Arts degree and completed coursework in religious studies, theology, and history. Additional preparation in these areas may be requirements during the course of study.

Degree Requirements for the M.A. in Church History

Course Requirements:

1. A minimum of thirty credit hours

2. Ancient and Medieval Church History (TRS 628)

From Avignon to Vatican II (TRS 621C)

The Writing of Church History (TRS 724)

3. Two seminars in which research papers are required and for which at least a grade of B is received. At least one of these seminars must be in the Church History area.

Language Requirements

  1. Reading knowledge of French or German, to be determined by passing an examination administered by the Church History area, or by passing the Theological German course.
  2. Competency in one additional language may be required depending upon the student’s area of concentration (e.g. Greek or Latin for early and Medieval church history), this to be determined either by passing an examination administered by the Department of Greek and Latin, or by receiving a grade of B or better in an approved language course in the Department of Greek and Latin.

Comprehensive Examinations

1. Two general examinations and one major examination in the area of concentration

2. Two of the core Church History courses listed above, TRS 628 and TRS 621C, may be taken to fulfill the requirements for the general examinations.

3. The major examination in the area of concentration will be prepared under the direction of the student’s adviser.

Doctor of Philosophy in Church History

The goal of the Ph.D. in Church History is to prepare students for careers in research, writing, and teaching on the college, university, and seminary levels. Students in the Ph.D. program are expected to think critically about the ways in which the Church has been studied over the centuries and to apply those insights to the study of their area of concentration.In order to do this effectively, students are expected to acquire advanced training in the original languages and to conduct their research in the primary texts.The program allows for students to complete coursework and to acquire competency in fields and disciplines relevant to their area of concentration.

Prerequisites

It is expected that applicants to the program will have taken courses in the History of the Church, Theology, Religious Studies, and in such related disciplines as History and Classics.

Students entering with an M.A. degree will be considered for direct admission to the doctoral  program. Relevant bodies within the school may review the quality of a student’s M.A. degree before granting admission to the student. After such an evaluation, the student may be required to complete further work, including work in related disciplines.

Degree requirements for the Ph.D in Church History

Course Requirements

1. A minimum of thirty-six credit hours beyond the M.A., including fifteen credit hours in Church History, twelve credit hours of which will be from courses taken on the 700 and 800 levels.

2. The Writing of Church History (TRS 724).

3. Four research seminars in which a research paper is required, and in two of which the student will have received at least a grade of A-.

Language Requirements

1. Reading knowledge of French and German, to be determined by passing an examination administered by the Church History area.

2. Competency in Ecclesiastical Latin, to be determined by passing an examination administered either by the Church History area or by the department of Greek and Latin.

3. Competency in additional languages that may be needed for research in the area of concentration (e.g., Patristic Latin, Greek, and/or Syriac), to be determined by passing an examination administered either by the department of Greek and Latin or by the Church History area, at the discretion of the Church History faculty.

Comprehensive Examinations

Church History students are required to pass four written comprehensive examinations.Two (four-hour) examinations will be in the area of concentration and two (four-hour) examinations will be in minor fields, one of which may be in another discipline (e.g., History, Philosophy, Greek and Latin, Semitics).

Before the student is awarded Doctoral Candidacy, the student’s file will be evaluated by the student’s adviser and by the Church History area faculty.

Historical and Systematic Theology

Professors Rev. Regis Armstrong, O.F.M. Cap.; William Dinges; Rev. John Ford, C.S.C.; Rev. John Galvin, director; Msgr. Kevin Irwin; Msgr. Paul McPartlan; Nelson Minnich; Michael Root; Wilhelmus Valkenberg
Associate Professors Joshua Benson; Mark Clark; John Grabowski; William Loewe; Very Rev. Mark Morozowich; Christopher Ruddy; Tarmo Toom; Susan Wessel
Assistant Professors Chad C. Pecknold; Rev. Nicholas Lombardo, O.P.
Professors Emeriti Rev. Joseph Komochak; Rev. David Power, O.M.I.; Patrick Granfield, O.S.
Adjunct Associate Professor Rev. Chorbishop Seely Beggiani

Goals of the Academic Area: Historical Theology

The Program in Historical Theology studies the development of Eastern and Western Christian theology from the earliest Christian communities to the present.

Through the emergence of theology as a science in the 12th-century West, the discipline of theology became systematized and eventually located in the setting of a university. Before, during and after this development, however, the practice of theology included liturgical forms, preaching, treatises on the contemplative life and pastoral care, communal devotions and diverse exegetical strategies. Throughout this history and increasingly in the modern West, the interplay between faith and reason and between philosophy and theology have remained central preoccupations.

Current strengths of the program include Greek, Latin and Syriac patristics, medieval systematic and mystical theology, the Franciscan tradition, John Henry Newman, Vatican I/Vatican II, 20th-century Catholic thought, John Courtney Murray, the history of the ecumenical movement, Latino Catholicism, and recent developments in European and U.S. Catholic theology. The Program in Historical Theology works closely with the other academic areas in the School of Theology and Religious Studies (biblical studies, church history, liturgical studies, moral theology, pastoral theology) as well as with the School of Philosophy, the Department of History, the Department of Greek and Latin, the Department of Semitics, the Center for Early Christian Studies and the Center for Medieval and Byzantine Studies.

Goals of the Academic Area: Systematic Theology

Systematic theology undertakes the task of a comprehensive and synthetic understanding of the Christian faith as mediated through the Scriptures and the Catholic tradition and as interpreted by the conciliar and papal magisterium. Building on courses that explore the history of this effort, the program reflects on questions of hermeneutics and method, especially about the relationship among theology, philosophy, history and the modern sciences. Courses are developed with a recognition of the ecumenical, cross-cultural and interreligious aspects of questions. The program focuses in particular on theological questions about anthropology, revelation and faith, dogma and the development of doctrines, christology and soteriology, Trinity, ecclesiology, eschatology, comparative theology, and theology of religions.

Degrees Offered

The academic area offers the civil degrees of M.A. (Historical and Systematic Theology) and Ph.D. (separate programs for Historical Theology and Systematic Theology) as well as the ecclesiastical degrees of S.T.L. and S.T.D. (Historical and Systematic Theology).

Master of Arts Degree

Nature and Goals

The M.A. program in Historical/Systematic Theology is designed to introduce students to scholarship and research in theology and religious studies in general and to historical/systematic theology in particular. This program provides a basic grounding in historical/systematic theology, along with an introduction to biblical studies, moral theology, and other disciplines.

Prerequisites:
Applicants for admission to the M.A. program must possess a bachelor's degree with a minimum of 12 credit-hours in theology/religious studies and 12 credit-hours in philosophy. Applicants who do not have this background will be required to complete appropriate courses in tandem with their M.A. work. Such prerequisite courses will be specified in a student’s letter of admission.

Degree Requirements (Details):

Proseminar:
M.A. students must take the M.A. proseminar course (TRS 699) in the fall semester of their first year.

Thirty Credit hours:
M.A. students are expected to fulfill the following course requirements:
Introductory Level: (3 credit hours):
TRS 660 History and Method of Theology (required)
Systematic Theology (9 hours): chosen from offerings at the 600 level
Historical Theology/Church History (3 hours) from offerings at 600 level
Moral (3 hours): chosen from offerings at the 600 level
Scripture (3 hours): chosen from offerings at the 600 level
Electives: (9 hours for students writing research papers; 3 hours for students writing an M.A. thesis).

Thesis Option:
M.A. students who choose to write a thesis must register for two semesters of M.A. Thesis Guidance (TRS 995 Thesis-Masters).

An M.A. thesis should demonstrate a student’s ability to do research by means of a modest contribution to knowledge involving a limited but significant topic of investigation. Specifically, an M.A. thesis should demonstrate: a student's familiarity with basic methods of research; mastery of a limited subject area; ability to exercise sound theological judgments involving analysis, comparison, and criticism as well as appropriate and accurate conclusions.

The length of the thesis is primarily governed by the nature of the subject matter and the research involved but ordinarily should be 75-100 pages (in 12-point Times New Roman with standard margins).

Readers: A student, with the help of a faculty member who serves as director, will prepare a one-page thesis proposal that presents the background, purpose, method, and contribution of the proposed thesis. The proposal with a selected bibliography is be submitted to the Area Director for preliminary approval and then to the M.A. Committee for final approval.

Research Papers Option:
1. M.A. research papers may be: [i] written independently of any course or
[ii] written in conjunction with a particular course and/or in fulfillment of course requirements; in the latter case, students must inform the professor of their intention of satisfying M.A. requirements by writing an M.A. research paper at the beginning of the semester.
2. On the cover of the paper, the professor is to comment briefly about its quality and indicate whether a student has used a foreign language, then grade and sign the paper, and give it to the Area Director for placement in the student's file; a student must receive a minimum grade of B (3.0) on each of the research papers.
3. The length of each research paper should be a minimum of 6000 words but a maximum of 7500 words. One of the two research papers must show familiarity with pertinent works in Latin, or Greek, or a modern foreign language.

Language Proficiency:
M.A. students must demonstrate a basic knowledge of either Latin or Greek by: (1) passing either TRS 500A “Theological Latin” or TRS 502 “Greek for Theology” or by (2) passing a reading exam in either Latin or Biblical Greek. M.A. students must also demonstrate theological reading knowledge of either German or a Romance language by passing an area exam in the language. Instead of passing an exam, the German requirement may also be fulfilled by passing TRS 504 Theological German.

Comprehensive Examinations:
M.A. comprehensive examinations, which are ordinarily taken in the final semester of a student’s M.A. program, are based on a reading list (available as a separate handout). The purpose of the M.A. comprehensive examination is to assist the candidate to synthesize and integrate her/his theological knowledge. It is graded on a pass-fail basis as a unit. The examination may be repeated once in the case of failure. Students should cunsult with their advisors in arranging for the examination.

Doctor of Philosophy Degree

Nature and Goals

The degree "Doctor of Philosophy" (Ph.D.) in historical or systematic theology represents an achievement in theological scholarship and research. The Ph.D. program is designed to prepare graduate students to make significant contributions to knowledge in a major area of historical or systematic inquiry while broadening their understanding of other areas of theology. By means of research seminars, advanced level courses, language skills, comprehensive examinations, and an extensive research project, the program is designed to develop graduates who are capable of thorough theological understanding and careful research. The area offers two Ph.D. tracks, one in Systematic Theology and one in Historical Theology.

Prerequisites for Admission

1. At least twelve credit hours of undergraduate or graduate philosophy in four of the following areas: ancient philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy, epistemology, metaphysics, ethics.

2. At least fifteen credit hours of undergraduate and/or graduate courses in theology or religious studies at a B grade level or above. These should include courses in the Old and New Testaments, church history, and systematic and moral theology. Upon review of an applicant's previous studies, some prerequisite courses may be required at the discretion of the academic area.

3. A completed Master's degree or its equivalent.

Course Requirements

The Ph.D. degree requires:

1. A minimum of thirty-six hours of course work after the M.A. degree:

1. Eighteen hours (including TRS 760A: Theological Foundations) are to be taken in the student's area of concentration (historical or systematic theology) in courses at the 700 level (lecture) and 800 level (seminars). At least twelve of these eighteen hours are to be taken in 800 level seminars which require major research papers.

2. Twelve hours of electives that may be taken in any of the academic areas of the School of Theology and Religious Studies.

3. Six hours in a minor area outside the major area of concentration (see below). With the approval of the academic area director, these courses may be taken in other graduate schools of the University.

4. Students who enter the Ph.D. program with an inadequate background are encouraged to audit 600 level courses in order to complement their courses at the 700 and 800 levels.

Language Requirements

Ph.D. students must demonstrate a reading knowledge of the following languages: Latin, Greek, German, and a major Romance language.

[1] Reading knowledge of Latin must be demonstrated by successful completion of the Latin Proficiency Exam administered by the Historical/Systematic area or by a course in Patristic or Medieval Latin. Ordinarily, the Latin requirement should be satisfied during a student's first fall semester in the program.

[2] Reading knowledge of either biblical or patristic Greek must be demonstrated either by the successful completion of a reading course in biblical or patristic Greek (depending upon the student's area of concentration) or by an examination administered by the Historical/Systematic area.

[3] Reading knowledge of theological German must be demonstrated either by passing an examination administered by the Historical/Systematic area or by passing TRS 504 "Theological German."

[4] Reading knowledge of a modern Romance language must be demonstrated by passing an examination administered by the Historical/Systematic area.

Minor Area

Ph.D. students, in consultation with their faculty advisors, are to choose a minor area of concentration outside their major area. While students are not expected to have the depth or extent of knowledge in the minor area which is expected in the principal area of concentration, they are expected to know how this other area relates and contributes to the principal area of concentration, in particular, to the more specialized field within a student's principal area of concentration.

Appropriate minor areas of concentration include systematic theology, moral theology, historical theology, biblical theology, spiritual theology, liturgical theology, comparative theology, canon law, church history, catechetics, and religion and culture. A student may choose another area for a minor with the approval of the area director. Students in historical theology should ordinarily take church history as the minor area of concentration. A minor area must be fulfilled by six hours of course work.

Comprehensive Examinations

A comprehensive examination is required for the Ph.D. degree.The examination will take place on three days according to the examination period specified by the School.

Doctoral Dissertation
The student will write and defend a written doctoral dissertation in accordance with University Policies.

Licentiate in Sacred Theology (S.T.L.)

Admission

Admission to the S.T.L. program presupposes the possession of the S.T.B. degree from a pontifical faculty or its academic equivalent as determined by the Ecclesiastical Degrees Committee (EDC). For admission to the S.T.L. program, applicants must submit a university application (available online), post-secondary transcripts, three letters of recommendation and either GRE or MAT scores; in the case of international students, TOEFL scores are required.

STRS students who are entering their seventh semester of theological studies in the S.T.B. program and have obtained permission to delay their S.T.B. comprehensives until the scheduled dates during that semester may apply for provisional admission to the S.T.L. program provided they have a cumulative grade-point average of 3.00 or higher. This provision will be lifted once the student has successfully completed all STB requirements.

Degree Requirements

Residency
The residency requirement for the S.T.L. is four semesters of full time study.

Concentration
Students admitted to the S.T.L. program must indicate their major field of concentration at the time of their initial registration (Systematic Theology, Moral Theology, Biblical Theology, Historical Theology, Sacramental Theology, or Liturgical Studies). At that time, each student will be assigned a faculty advisor for assistance in course selection as well as in the initial consideration of a thesis topic and director.

Course Requirements
Students must complete a minimum of 24 credits of course work, plus 6 credits for the thesis; thesis credits will be awarded after the thesis has been approved.
During their first year, S.T.L. students are required to take the doctoral proseminar (TRS 799). The directives for research guidance on the doctoral level also apply on the licentiate level.
Each student must take and successfully complete at least 24 semester hours of course work on either the 700 or 800 level. These required credits must be taken in the student's chosen field of concentration.
Ordinarily courses will be chosen from the course offerings of the School of Theology and Religious Studies. Students may take advantage of the extensive offerings of the university in subjects useful for their theological studies, by taking up to six semester hours in another school or department; such courses must be related to the student's area of concentration. In each instance, the written approvals of both the area director and the dean or the department head of the other school or department are required.
In addition to the minimum 24 credit hours of course work, each student must prepare and obtain final approval for a written thesis on a research project. Students must register for research guidance (TRS 993) for each of three successive semesters, beginning with the second semester of enrollment in the S.T.L. program.

Language Requirements
Candidates for the S.T.L. degree in theology must fulfill the following language requirements by the end of the semester before the candidate takes the comprehensive examination.
a. Latin: Successful completion of a Latin Proficiency Examination, administered by the Historical/Systematic area. The Latin requirement should ordinarily be satisfied by the end of the first fall semester in the program.
b. Greek: Successful completion of a reading course or passing an examination in either biblical or patristic Greek, depending on a student’s area of concentration.
c. Modern Language: [1] A reading ability in either German or a romance language (French, Italian, Spanish) must be demonstrated by successful completion of the university modern language examination or of an intensive course in "Reading for Comprehension." [2] In addition, a student must demonstrate a knowledge of theological usage of the same modern language by a satisfactory translation of a theological passage in a test administered by the area. The requirement in theological usage in German may also be fulfilled by passing TRS 504 Theological German.
Another modern foreign language may be substituted for German or a romance language if needed for the student's research with the approval of the student’s thesis director and reader and with the approval of the area director

Admission to Candidacy:
An S.T.L. student may apply for admission to candidacy when the following requirements have been successfully completed:
[1] all language requirements;
[2] all required course work, including the proseminar.
The application for candidacy should be submitted to the area director, who, after consultation with the area faculty, forwards a recommendation to the Associate Dean for Graduate Studies.

Comprehensive Examinations

 S.T.L. students must successfully complete both written and oral comprehensive examinations, which are based on a list of books in historical/systematic theology.

To qualify for S.T.L. comprehensive examinations, a student must maintain a cumulative grade point average of at least a 3.0. The comprehensive examinations may be taken once the thesis has received the approval of the director and reader, during the final semester of residency. A candidate for the S.T.L. degree may not continue candidacy after two failures in the comprehensive examinations.

Thesis
Each candidate for the S.T.L. degree must write a thesis of approximately 25,000-35,000 words, which demonstrates the ability to proceed further in theological research. The thesis should give evidence of training in research and make a contribution to theological knowledge involving a limited, yet significant, problem of investigation. The thesis must show the candidate's familiarity with basic methods and techniques of research, technical mastery of a specific but limited subject matter, and ability to exercise sound theological judgment and formulate accurate conclusions.

Final Grade for the S.T.L.

The three components of the S.T.L. degree program (course work, thesis and comprehensive examinations) will be graded on a 4.0 scale.  The average of the grades for courses, the average of the two grades for the thesis (from the director and the reader), and the combined average of the final grade for the written and oral comps will each count as one third of the grade. A student must have a 3.0 average to receive the STL degree.

 

Doctorate in Sacred Theology (S.T.D.)

Admission Requirements:


1. Possession of the S.T.L. degree from the School of Theology and Religious Studies (CUA) or from another ecclesiastical faculty; in the case of an S.T.L. earned elsewhere, additional seminars may be required so that a student’s preparation will be equivalent to the S.T.L. at Catholic University. Students whose preparation (S.T.L. or its equivalent) is in an area of concentration other than Historical or Systematic Theology will be required to take additional courses and/or pass the licentiate comprehensive examination with a minimum grade of 3.0 in the area of historical and systematic theology
2. A cumulative grade point average of at least 3.3 for the S.T.L. or its equivalent.
3. A letter of intent stating the proposed area of concentration, previous preparation in that area, and anticipated achievements.
4. Submission of Graduate Record Examination scores or Miller Analogies Test score; in the case of students whose first language is not English, the results of TOEFL must also be submitted.
5. Three letters of recommendation sent to the admissions office by persons who are in a position to judge the applicant's ability for doctoral studies in historical and systematic theology.
6. A copy of your S.T.L. thesis.

Residency
The residency requirement for the S.T.D. is four full time semesters, unless the student has completed the S.T.L. at The Catholic University of America; in this case, only two semesters of residence are required, followed by continual registration during the preparation of the dissertation.

Course Requirements
During their first year, all students are required to take the doctoral proseminar (TRS 799). Students who fulfilled this requirement in the S.T.L. program are not required to repeat the proseminar.
Each S.T.D. student must complete a minimum of four doctoral seminars (12 credits) at the 800 level); all of these courses require a substantial research paper (of approximately 5000-7000 words). S.T.D. students must maintain at least a 3.0 cumulative grade point average. No more than six credit hours of theology courses plus dissertation guidance may be taken during any of the four semesters in the S.T.D. program.
S.T.D. students must register for dissertation guidance (TRS 997) for each of their four semesters in the S.T.D. program. Students should choose a dissertation director, with the approval of the area chair, as early as possible in their S.T.D. program.


Language Requirements
Candidates for the S.T.D. degree must fulfill the following language requirements, unless they have already fulfilled these requirements in the S.T.L. program in STRS:
a. Latin: Successful completion of the Latin Proficiency Examination, administered by the Historical/Systematic area. The Latin requirement should ordinarily be satisfied by the end of the first fall semester in the program.
b. Greek: Successful completion of a reading course  or passing an examination in either biblical or patristic Greek, depending on the student’s area of concentration.
c. Modern Language: [1] A reading ability in both German and a romance language (French, Italian, Spanish) must be demonstrated by successful completion of the university modern language examination or by an intensive language course (500: "Reading for Comprehension"). [2] In addition, a student must demonstrate knowledge of the theological usage of these modern languages by satisfactory translation of a theological passage through a test administered by the Historical/Systematic area. The requirement in theological usage in German may also be fulfilled by passing TRS 504 "Theological German.
If needed for the student's research, another modern foreign language may be substituted for German or a romance language with the approval of the student’s dissertation director, readers, and the area director

Dissertation

Each S.T.D. candidate must write a dissertation which demonstrates the ability to contribute to theological research. The dissertation should make a contribution to theological knowledge.The dissertation must show the candidate's familiarity with basic methods and techniques in theological research, technical mastery of a specific area, and an ability to exercise sound theological judgment and formulate accurate conclusions.

Lectio ad coram

Before defending the dissertation, the S.T.D. candidate must pass an oral examination on the origins, history, and contemporary status of the major area of the dissertation.At least one month prior to the defense of the dissertation, the S.T.D. candidate must present a list of five topics related to, but not identical with, the topic of the dissertation to the dissertation committee, who will serve as examiners for the lectio. The dissertation director and two readers collaborate with the candidate in drafting the topics for the lectio, which are then submitted to the area director for final approval. The lectio topics are to have some demonstrable connection with the dissertation, but should not be such that would make the dissertation defense unnecessary.

Final Grade for the S.T.D. Degree
To be eligible for the degree, a candidate must obtain a 3.00 average in course work and in both the lectio and dissertation defense.
The final grade for the degree shall be computed as follows:
30% Course work
50% Dissertation
10% Lectio
10% Defense

Liturgical Studies/Sacramental Theology

Professors
Msgr. Kevin Irwin; Msgr. Paul McPartlan
Associate Professors
Sister Margaret Mary Kelleher, O.S.U.; Rev. Dominic Serra, director; Very Rev. Mark Morozowich; Rev. Michael Witczak
Assistant Professors
Rev. Stefanos Alexopoulos; Sister Margaret Schreiber, O.P.
Professor Emeritus
Rev. David Power, O.M.I.
Professor Emerita
Sister Mary Collins, O.S.B.
 
  
Goals of the Academic Area
The M.A. may be pursued in one of two tracks. The goal of the M.A. in liturgical studies/sacramental theology with a specialization in research is to equip students for a broad range of educational, diocesan, and parish ministries. It also leads to advanced study on the doctoral level. The M.A. in liturgical studies/sacramental theology with a specialization in pastoral liturgy equips students for catechetical, diocesan, and parish ministries. Both degrees allow for some interdisciplinary study in allied academic areas such as music, architecture, etc.
 
The goal of the Ph.D. in liturgical studies/sacramental theology is to equip students for careers in research, writing, and teaching on the college, university, and seminary levels. Coursework and dissertations for this degree often reflect an interdisciplinary approach to liturgical studies.
 
The S.T.L./S.T.D. sequence presumes a background in the overall S.T.B. theological curriculum and is a highly focused course of studies in the academic area. It equips the student for a broad range of educational and administrative ministries.
  
Degrees Offered and Areas of Concentration
The Program in Liturgical Studies/Sacramental Theology offers the civil degrees of M.A. and Ph.D. and the ecclesiastical degrees of S.T.L. and S.T.D.
 
Ecclesiastical Degrees
Two ecclesiastical degree concentrations are offered at the S.T.L. and S.T.D. levels. Each track accentuates one of the two inseparable aspects of this academic area, Liturgical Studies and Sacramental Theology.
 
Liturgical Studies
The S.T.L./S.T.D. in Liturgical Studies focuses primarily upon the liturgical historical development of services with an accentuation upon the theological development through the centuries as the vehicle of a living theology of Christian Worship. S.T.D. seminars will be chosen by the student with the consent of the advisor with this focus in mind. The general S.T.L. descriptions apply with the following specifics:
 

S.T.L. in Liturgical Studies

1. Ancient Languages:A reading knowledge of Latin is a prerequisite and must be demonstrated during the first semester of course work. Greek reading ability is to be demonstrated by the end of the second semester.

2. Modern Language: A reading knowledge French is preferred and should be demonstrated early in the second semester.

3. Core Courses: TRS 741A: Liturgy: Theological and Historical Perspectives, TRS 741B: Liturgy and Culture, TRS 740: Liturgical Sources, and TRS 744: Eucharist: A Liturgical Theology.

 
Sacramental Theology
The S.T.L./S.T.D. in Sacramental Theology focuses primarily upon the theological understanding of liturgical services in light of their historical development. This concentration attends to these matters with a focus on issues in sacramental theology as these relate to the method and content of historical/systematic theology. S.T.D. seminars will be chosen by the student with the consent of the advisor with this focus in mind. The general S.T.L. descriptions apply with the following specifics:
 
 
S.T.L. in Sacramental Theology
1. Language requirements are the same as those for the STL in Liturgical Studies.
2. Core Courses: TRS 741A: Liturgy: Theological and Historical Perspectives, TRS 740: Liturgical Sources, and TRS 744: Eucharist: A Liturgical Theology.
 
Electives: Must include one course in Christology and one course in Ecclesiology.
 
 
Master of Arts Degree
The program consists of 30 credit hours of coursework. This includes a core curriculum of twelve credits and 18 additional credits of electives, two research papers done in connection with courses or a thesis, and written comprehensive examinations. The thesis should be 75-100 pages in length and the two research papers should be 25-30 pages each.
 
The four core liturgical courses for the research specialization are: TRS 741A: Liturgy: Theological and Historical Perspectives, TRS 741B: Liturgy and Culture, TRS 740: Liturgical Sources, and TRS 744: Eucharist: A Liturgical Theology. Students specializing in pastoral liturgy must take TRS 743A: Liturgical Catechesis  in place of TRS 740: Liturgical Sources.
 
Students in the research specialization must demonstrate reading proficiency in both Latin and French. The Latin requirement is fulfilled by passing a reading exam for which the best preparation is LAT 509 and the French requirement is fulfilled by passing a reading exam administered within STRS for which FREN 500 is a good preparation. The pastoral liturgy specialization has no language requirements. 
 
Admissions Requirements
1. Applicants should possess a B.A. with a liberal arts emphasis, and have completed courses in ecclesiology, christology, and critical introductions to the Old and New Testaments, and demonstrate a familiarity with the general areas in Liturgical Studies covered in TRS 540. A basic familiarity with Church History is highly desirable.
2. Applicants must submit Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or Miller Analogies Test (MAT) scores.
3. Applicants must also submit three letters of recommendation.
 
Doctoral Programs
Qualified students may develop S.T.L., and S.T.D. programs in consultation with the program director. Please consult specific degree program requirements for additional information.
 
Doctor of Philosophy Degree
Admission
The minimum requirement for entrance into the Ph.D. in Liturgical Studies/Sacramental Theology is either a master's or licentiate degree in an appropriate discipline. Students entering with a licentiate will be considered for advanced standing in the program. Relevant bodies within the school will review the quality of an applicant's M.A. degree. After such evaluation, further work may be required for individual students, including work in related disciplines. It is expected that applicants to the program in Liturgical Studies/Sacramental Theology would have taken courses in a critical introduction to the Old Testament and New Testament, christology, ecclesiology, and liturgical/sacramental theology and will have familiarity with church history.
 
Prerequisites
Applicants are expected to have taken master's-level courses equivalent to the School of Theology and Religious Studies courses in TRS 741Aa: Liturgy: Theological and Historical Perspectives, TRS 740: Liturgical Sources, and a TRS 744: Eucharist: A Liturgical Theology.
 
Coursework
Ph.D. students are required to complete a minimum of 36 credit hours. Eighteen of these will be in Liturgical Studies/Sacramental Theology from courses offered on the 700 and 800 levels. Twelve of the 18 credits should be from 800-level doctoral seminars. Twelve credit hours will be in electives in courses taken from another single field within the School of Theology and Religious Studies on the 700 and 800 levels, e.g., biblical studies, systematics, church history, etc. The final six credits will be taken from another field within the School of Theology and Religious Studies or from another school within the university, e.g. architecture, anthropology, music, etc. in courses at a level equivalent to STRS 700 and 800 levels. This will establish the student’s allied field of study. During their coursework, students will be required to produce four research papers that will become a part of the student's file to be reviewed by the Liturgical Studies/Sacramental Theology faculty prior to the student being granted doctoral candidacy. Each research paper will be at least 25-30 pages. At least three of these papers should be written in conjunction with 800-level courses and should evidence the student's proficiency in doing research using foreign languages. These papers will be evaluated by the course professor and given a letter grade. After the students have seen the graded text, the paper will be placed in the student's file.
 

 

Language Requirements
Students are to demonstrate reading proficiency in Latin and Greek and in two modern languages, usually German and French. The language requirements will be met by passing a reading proficiency examination administered within the School of Theology and Religious Studies or by passing certain language courses. Students may consult the area's web pages for further details. However, depending on a student's research agenda, another modern language may substitute for one of these. Approval for such a substitution will be granted by the director of the academic area upon consultation with the liturgical studies/sacramental theology faculty. The student’s research agenda also may suggest that an additional ancient language be added.
 
Comprehensive Examination
Written comprehensive examinations will be taken over three days. Ordinarily these are taken within one week, at dates established by the School's Calendar. Two of these days will be comprehensives in the liturgical studies/sacramental theology area of concentration. The final day will be on the student's allied area of study. The material for the comprehensives will be taken from three bibliographies prepared by the student in consultation with one faculty member for each day of the comprehensives.
 
Dissertation
Upon successful completion of comprehensive exams, the student will apply to the academic area director for candidacy. The academic area faculty will evaluate the student's application for candidacy. Upon admittance to candidacy, each student will proceed to have his or her dissertation proposal submitted and approved. Finally, each student will complete and defend orally his or her dissertation before a dissertation examination board.
 

 

Moral Theology/Ethics

Professor  
Associate Professors William Barbieri; Joseph Capizzi, Director; John Grabowski; William C. Mattison
Assistant Professor David Lantigua
Clinical Assistant Professor James Stroud

Goals of the Academic Area

Moral theology is the branch of Christian theology that focuses on the human response to the Christian revelation. It is studied in conversation with Scripture and tradition, as well as with other disciplines such as philosophy, religious studies, politics, law, medicine, and the social and behavioral sciences. This program is designed to provide men and women with advanced training in moral theology and religious ethics in order to prepare them for effective teaching, research, and publication in the academy. Students may focus their research in various branches of ethics, e.g., social and political, environmental, comparative, biomedical, sexual and familial, feminist, developmental, or virtue theory. The degrees offered, however, all aim to impart an overall understanding of the Catholic moral tradition, its sources, and historical development as well as contemporary methodological expressions and debates.

Degrees Offered

The academic area offers the civil degrees of M.A. and Ph.D. and the ecclesiastical degrees of S.T.L. and S.T.D. For descriptions of the ecclesiastical degrees, please see the corresponding section listed previously in these Announcements.

Master of Arts Degree

Admission Requirements

Normally, an applicant's baccalaureate major will have been in theology, religious studies, or philosophy. Students with other academic backgrounds, however, will be considered if they demonstrate strong academic promise. All applicants must submit an example of an academic paper (or portion thereof) of 10-20 pages. The academic area of Moral Theology/Ethics may require other prerequisites which are deemed necessary for the success of applicants in their course of studies.

Degree Requirements

1. Thirty hours of coursework Coursework will include:

a. TRS 630A: Foundations of Christian Moral Life

b. TRS 660: History and Method in Theology, TRS 760A: Theological Foundations, or TRS 780A: Introduction to the Study of Religion

c. Three additional Moral Theology/Ethics courses

d. Additional courses may be chosen from among other areas of concentration in STRS or from other relevant disciplines outside of STRS.

e. The master's level proseminar (TRS 699)

2. Two significant research papers, which can be done in conjunction with the student's courses. This requirement is waived if the student chooses the thesis option. Students who choose the thesis option will sign up for 6 hours of thesis guidance, which counts towards the required hours of coursework.

3. Demonstrated reading proficiency for theological research in one modern language (normally French or German).

 

Comprehensive Examinations

The purpose of the M.A. comprehensive examination is to enable the student to synthesize issues and problems in the area of moral theology/ethics. The exams are given in the fall and spring semesters and the summer session on dates determined by the School. The Moral Theology/Ethics comprehensives reading list and further explanation of the nature and purpose of the comprehensive examination are available in the STRS office. The comprehensive examination may not be taken until the language requirement has been satisfied. The examination will be graded on a pass/fail basis and may be repeated once in the event of failure. Further comprehensive requirements may be specified as appropriate to a particular area of study.
 

Doctor of Philosophy Degree

Prerequisites

Applicants should possess an M.A. in theology as offered by this faculty, or the equivalent of this degree. Ordinarily, applicants will have taken 12 credit hours of undergraduate or graduate philosophy. Students who enter the moral theology/ethics Ph.D. program with academic deficiencies may be required to audit courses to complement their doctoral level courses.

Requirements

1. Four semesters of residence.

2. Thirty-six hours of coursework after the M.A. degree.

a. Eighteen of these hours are to be taken in the area of moral theology/ethics, including the four moral theology/ethics core courses.

b. An additional six hours are electives, to taken in any of the academic areas of the School of Theology and Religious Studies.

c. At least 9 hours of coursework in a designated minor area.

d. Students who have an M.A. from STRS are exempted from one of the minor-area requirements.

e. The doctoral-level proseminar (TRS 799).

3. Demonstrated reading proficiency and facility for use in theological research in two modern languages (normally French and German) and either Latin or Greek.

4. Completion of a program proposal during the second semester of doctoral study.

5. Completion and filing of four research papers.

6. Successful completion of written and oral comprehensive examinations in moral theology/ethics. There are three written examinations, covering the following areas: general moral theology, the student's area of specialization within moral theology/ethics, and the student's minor areas. These are based on a reading list compiled by the student in consultation with and approved by the student's comprehensive exam committee.

7. Upon successful completion of comprehensive exams, the student will apply to the academic area director of Moral Theology/Ethics for candidacy. The Moral Theology/Ethics faculty will evaluate the student's application for candidacy.

8. Writing and defense of a doctoral dissertation.

a. Each student must have his or her dissertation proposal approved by the requisite School and University bodies.

b. Each student must complete and defend orally his or her dissertation before a dissertation examination board.

Catechetics

   
Associate Professors Rev. Raymond Studzinski, O.S.B.
Assistant Professors Sister Margaret Schreiber, O.P., director; Rev. Emanuel Magro
Professor Emeritus Rev. Berard Marthaler, O.F.M.
Distinguished Lecturer Rev. Gerard Sloyan

 

Nature and Goals

As an academic research discipline, Catechetics is interdisciplinary and embraces biblical, liturgical, historical-systematic, and moral disciplines.  Student may matriculate for a Ph.D. in Catechetics or a Master of Arts in Catechetics.

As a pastoral discipline, Catechesis embraces a broad contemporary understanding of approaches and dynamics of Catechetics e.g., psychological, social, educational, spiritual, and political.  Students desiring a professional degree may matriculate for a Doctor of Ministry with a concentration in catechesis.  

Master of Arts in Catechetics

The Master of Arts in Catechetics introduces the student to scholarship and research in the areas of Catechetics and catechesis, with a special emphasis on liturgical catechesis. The degree program prepares the student for advanced and doctoral studies in the field of Catechetics. The program is designed to give the student a solid academic foundation in the discipline while offering the opportunity for elective courses to further research goals.

In addition to the general requirements outlined for civil degrees, the M.A. in Catechetics includes the following:

Prerequisites

For admission to the School of Theology and Religious Studies, the following are required:

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree including at least twelve credit hours of undergraduate or graduate courses in Theology/Religious studies with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or above. These should include courses in the Old and New Testaments, liturgical/sacramental studies and systematic and moral theology. Upon review of the candidate's previous studies, certain prerequisite courses may be required.
  • Up to six graduate credit hours from other accredited institutions at a grade level of 3.0 or above may be applied to course requirements for the master’s degree upon recommendation from the academic area director and the approval of the Dean of Graduate Students in the School of Theology and Religious Studies.
  • Three letters of recommendation from persons able to evaluate an applicant's ability to successfully complete graduate studies.
  • A report of scores from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or Miller Analogies Test (MAT).
  • Students for whom English is a second language will be required to show proficiency in oral and written English, usually through the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL).

 

Course Requirements

The Master of Arts degree requires a minimum of 36 credit hours, including either a thesis (6 credit hours) or two major research papers completed in coursework on the 600 and 700 levels. 24 of the 36 required credit hours are foundational courses in Catechetics, liturgical catechesis, and theology. 12 of the 36 credit hours are electives determined in consultation with the student’s advisor. Students must complete the proseminar for master's students (TRS 699) and maintain a 3.3 GPA or higher.

Two major research papers demonstrating an ability to incorporate sources written in Latin and French are to be written in connection with the above listed coursework on the 600 or 700 level, each of which must be on a topic directly related to the study of Catechetics, or an M.A. thesis together with two semesters of thesis guidance, which counts as six (6) of the above listed required 36 credits. These papers become part of the student’s file.

 Language Requirement

Reading competence in both Latin and French are required by the end of the second semester of course work.

 Comprehensive Exam

 The M.A. comprehensive examination is normally taken during the student's last semester of study. It is based on course work and an M.A. reading list. It takes place over two days on dates specified by the School. The examination is evaluated as a unit on a pass/fail basis.

Doctor of Philosophy in Catechetics

The Ph.D. degree in Catechetics prepares a student for advanced research, writing, and teaching at the college, university, or seminary levels. Since Catechetics is an academic research discipline that, of its nature, is interdisciplinary, the course of study includes biblical, liturgical, historical/systematic, and moral disciplines. In addition to the general requirements outlined in the Civil Degrees for the Ph.D. program, the PhD in Catechetics requires the following:

Prerequisites

A Master of Arts degree in Theology/Religious Studies or Catechetics/Religious Education or an equivalent degree with a cumulative GPA of 3.3 or higher is required. Additional prerequisite coursework may be required by the area director when deemed necessary for the student's successful completion of degree requirements, especially in the areas of theology and language skills. Demonstrated proficiency in Latin and French are required by the end of the first semester of doctoral course work.

Students whose native language is not English must meet the University requirements for proficiency in that language. Three letters of recommendation from persons able to evaluate the applicant's ability to successfully complete graduate studies are required. The results of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or Miller Analogies Test (MAT) must be submitted; GRE scores are considered in awarding scholarships.

Residency

A minimum of four semesters of full-time residence are typically required.

Program Requirements

  • Assessment Interviews that take place prior to registration and then at midterm of the first semester.
  • A minimum of 30 hours of course work beyond the M.A. degree (36 hours if the student’s M.A. is from another institution).
  • In consultation with the academic advisor 12 credit hours are to be taken in disciplines related to Catechetics: biblical, liturgical, historical/systematic, or moral theology at the 700-level (lecture) and 800-level (seminar).
  • In consultation with the academic advisor 9 credit hours in a minor area of these disciplines may be taken: biblical, liturgical, historical/systematic, or moral theology at the 700-level (lecture) and 800-level (seminar).
  • In consultation with the academic advisor 9 credit hours are to be taken in an allied area outside the major area of concentration. With the approval of the academic area director, these courses may be taken in other graduate schools of the University.
  • Completion of the doctoral proseminar (TRS 799).

 Research Papers

In conjunction with courses taken on the 700 and 800 levels, students are required to produce four research papers that will become a part of the student's permanent file. The Catechetics faculty will review these research papers prior to the student being admitted to doctoral candidacy. All four of these papers should deal explicitly with Catechetics and give evidence of the student's proficiency in doing research using foreign languages. Each paper is to be evaluated by the course professor and given a letter grade before it is submitted to the student's advisor who will place it in the student's file following review and acceptance.

Language Requirement

Candidates for the Ph.D. must demonstrate a reading knowledge of the following languages:

·         Latin: Reading knowledge of Latin must be demonstrated by successful completion of a Latin proficiency exam.  This requirement should be satisfied during a student's first semester in the program.

·         A second major modern language: Reading knowledge of a second modern language is required in addition to French as required for the M.A.:  Italian, Spanish or German. Proficiency must be demonstrated in the completion of a proficiency exam.

Comprehensive Exam

The examination is based upon a reading list drawn up by the student in consultation with the three members of the examining board. The list should include approximately fifty substantive titles drawn from both primary and secondary sources. Titles may be books, or a combination of articles equivalent to a scholarly book length. The list usually consists of twenty books related to Catechetics, fifteen books related to the minor area, and fifteen books related to the allied field.

Three days of written comprehensive examinations (three hours each day) are taken on dates designated by the School. The examining board evaluates the comprehensive examination as a whole and grades them on a pass/fail basis.

Admission to Ph.D. Candidacy

After notification of the successful completion of the comprehensive examination, the student must apply for candidacy. The faculty of the academic area votes on Ph.D. candidacy.

 

Doctor of Ministry Degree

“Preparing Pastoral Ministers for the New Evangelization”

Nature and Goals

The Doctor of Ministry degree with concentrations in catechesis, adult spiritual transformation, and pastoral care differs from a Ph.D. in that it is a professional doctorate offering students advanced theological and pastoral formation for competent and effective ministry. The program combines theory and pastoral experience and focuses on the integration of biblical, theological, and pastoral knowledge for excellence in ministry. It draws upon the resources of the School of Theology and Religious Studies and other departments and schools at The Catholic University of America, as well as the schools of the Washington Theological Consortium and Consortium of Universities.

Components of the Program

The Doctor of Ministry degree may be obtained through one of the following models:

1. Blended Learning Model: A total of nine courses are taught over the course of three consecutive summers. Students begin each semester online approximately six weeks before the residency. It is followed by a three-week residency and concludes with six more weeks of online coursework.

2. Blended Learning and Residential Model: Some students may elect to take regular graduate courses during the academic year at CUA in their area of concentration. These students also enroll in six required core courses offered only during the three-summer program.

All students are required to take the D. Min. Seminar, an online course offered in the fall semester.

Students complete the program by designing and implementing a project in ministry within their area of concentration.

 

Admission Requirements

1. Possession of the M.Div. degree or its educational equivalent of approximately 72 credits with a cumulative average of 3.0 or better. GREs are not required.

2. A minimum of three years of full-time service in pastoral ministry.

3. Completion of the Personal History Form, which includes a brief history of the academic, pastoral and vocational background of the applicant and an essay of 1,000 to 2,000 words presenting the applicant's personal history and goals in ministry.

4.Three letters of  recommendation, with at least one testifying to the student's ability to do doctoral work. The others should testify to the student's exemplary ministry.

For International Students Applying to the D. Min. Program

Graduate Admissions will be able to issue I-20s to international students who are going to enroll in the D. Min. program. The I-20 will be issued for the program's 3 year length with remarks stating that this is a summer only program and that the student will be in the U.S. only in the summe time (April through July). They will need to terminate the I-20 each July and reactivate a new I-20 for the following April.

IMPORTANT: Students will not be able to remain in the U.S. with this version of the CUA I-20 other than between April and Juley, unless they are fully enrolled in the fall and spring semesters for additional courses to apply to the D. Min. degree with the permission of STRS.

Degree Requirements

Coursework

A total of 30 hours beyond the M.Div. or its equivalent is required including 30 credit hours of course work and at least 2 additional hours of doctoral project guidance are required. A maximum of 6 credit hours may be transferred for work completed elsewhere. Continuous enrollment is required until graduation once the project has been approved in writing by the University.

Grade Point Average

Students are expected to maintain a grade point average of at least 3.0 in their coursework to be eligible for the D.Min. degree.

Candidacy

A student may apply for candidacy after completing 24 credit hours of doctoral level coursework. The student may not receive candidacy and hold the oral presentation on the D.Min. Project during the same semester; at least two semesters of D.Min. project guidance are required.

D.Min. Project

The D.Min. Project, with its treatsie and oral presentation, concludes the program and is ordinarily related to the concentration in which the student is enrolled. It is intended to demonstrate the student's ability to identify a problem in ministry and to discover appropriate interdisciplinary resources and theologically and pastorally relevant methods for its resolution.

Phases of the Project

The project has 4 components:

1. A proposal is developed and then approved by the D. Min Proposal Committee. Students work with their director in preparing this piece.

2. A project is implemented after the student receives official approval in writing of the proposal from the University.

3. A treatsie is written which integrates the theological and pastoral knowledge students have incorporated into the project and how the project furthers an understanding of ministry in the area of concentration.

4. An oral presentation is delivered on the project and what has been learned from the project to advance ministry in the area of concentration.

Spirituality

Professor Rev. Regis Armstrong, O.F.M. Cap. , director
Associate Professors Joshua Benson; Mark Clark; Robert D. Miller II, O.F.S.; Rev. Raymond Studzinski, O.S.B.; Susan Wessel; Robin Darling Young
Adjunct Associate Professor Rev. Chorbishop Seely Beggiani

 

Nature and Goals of the Academic Area

As an academic discipline, Christian Spirituality is interdisciplinary and embraces biblical, liturgical, historical/systematic, and moral disciplines. Students may matriculate for a Ph.D. in Spirituality, a Master of Arts in Spirituality, or a certificate in Carmelite Spirituality, Franciscan Spirituality, or Apostolic Spirituality.

As a pastoral discipline, Christian Spirituality also embraces the contemporary understandings of psychological, social, and political sciences. Students desiring a professional degree may matriculate for a Doctor of Ministry (D.Min.) with a concentration in Spiritual Formation. For further details see announcements for Doctor of Ministry Program.

 

Master of Arts in Spirituality

The Master of Arts in Spirituality introduces the student to scholarship and research in the area of spirituality with a special emphasis on its historical and theological dimensions. The degree program prepares the student for advanced and doctoral studies in the field of spirituality and is designed to give the student a solid academic foundation in the discipline while also offering the opportunity for elective courses to further research goals.

In addition and specific to the general requirements outlined in the Civil Degrees page, the Program in Spirituality includes the following:

Admissions Requirements

Beyond the requirements for admission to the School of Theology and Religious Studies, the following are required specifically for admission to the M.A. in Spirituality:

  1. An appropriate bachelor's degree including at least twelve credit hours of undergraduate or graduate religious studies with a commulative GPA of 3.0 or above. These courses should include courses in the Old and New Testaments, liturgical/sacramental studies, and systematic and moral theology. Upon review of the candidate's previous studies, certain prerequisite courses may be required.
  2. Up to six graduate credit hours from other accredited institutions at a grade level of 3.0 or above may be applied to course requirements for the master’s degree upon recommendation from the academic area director and the approval of the Dean of the School of Theology and Religious Studies.
  3. Three letters of recommendation from persons able to evaluate an applicant's ability to successfully complete graduate studies.
  4. The results of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or Miller Analogies Test (MAT) must be submitted; GRE scores are considered in awarding scholarships.
  5. Students whose native language is not English must meet the university requirements for proficiency in English.

Course Requirements

The Master of Arts degree consists of a minimum of 36 credit hours including either a thesis (6 credit hours) or two major research papers completed in coursework on the 600 or 700 level. Students are to maintain a 3.3 GPA.

  1. TRS 650A: Introduction to the History of Christian Spirituality as well as two other core courses in spirituality to be determined in consultation with the student's advisor;
  2. 12 credits according to specialized interests in Spirituality, e.g., Franciscan or Carmelite spirituality
  3. 6 credits in another academic area of the School of Theology and Religious Studies, e.g. Biblical Studies, Moral Theology/Ethics, etc.
  4. (a) Paper option: Two major research papers demonstrating an ability to incorporate sources written in Latin and French are to be written in courses at the 600 or 700 level. Each paper must be on a topic directly related to the study of Spirituality. These papers become part of the student’s file. (b) Thesis option:  An M.A. thesis (together with two semesters of thesis guidance) which counts as six (6) of the above listed required 36 credits.
  5. Completion of the proSeminar for master's students (TRS 699).

Language Requirement

M.A. students must demonstrate reading competence in both Latin and French by the end of the second semester of course work.

Comprehensive Exam

The M.A. comprehensive examination is normally taken during the student's last semester of study. It is based on course work and an M.A. reading list. It takes place on two days on dates specified by the School. The examination is evaluated as one unit on a pass/fail basis.

 

Doctor of Philosophy in Spirituality

The Ph.D. degree in Spirituality prepares a student for advanced research, writing, and teaching at the college, university, or seminary levels. Since Christian Spirituality is an academic discipline that is interdisciplinary by its nature, the course of study includes biblical, liturgical, historical/systematic, and moral disciplines. In addition to the general requirements outlined in the Civil Degrees for the Ph.D. program, the Ph.D. in Spirituality requires the following:

Admissions Requirements

A Master of Arts degree in Theology or Religious Studies or an equivalent degree with a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.3. The area director may require additional prerequisite coursework when deemed necessary for the student's successful completion of degree, especially in the areas of theology and language skills. Demonstration of proficiency in Latin and French are required by the end of the first semester of doctoral course work. In addition, the student must provide:

  1. A completed application form (online)
  2. Scores from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or Miller Analogies Test (MAT)
  3. Three letters of recommendation from persons able to evaluate an applicant's ability to successfully complete graduate studies
  4. A writing sample
  5. Trascripts of all previous academic work beyond the secondary level
  6. Students whose native language is not English must provide scores fromt he Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) unless such scores are waived.


Residency

A minimum of four semesters of full-time residence is required.

 

Course Requirements

  1. Assessment Interviews that take place prior to registration and then at midterm of the first semester.
  2. A minimum of 30 hours of course work beyond the M.A. degree; 36 hours if the student’s M.A. is from another institution.
  • In consultation with the academic advisor 12 credit hours are to be taken in disciplines related to Christian spiritual life: biblical, liturgical, historical/systematic, or moral theology at the 700-level (lecture) and 800-level (seminar).
  • In consultation with  the academic advisor 9 credit hours in a minor area of these disciplines may be taken: biblical, liturgical, historical/systematic, or moral theology at the 700-level (lecture) and 800-level (seminar).
  • In consultation with the academic advisor 9 credit hours may be taken in an allied area outside the major area of concentration. With the approval of the academic area director, these courses may be taken in other graduate schools of the University.
  • Completion of doctoral proseminar (TRS 799).

Research Papers

In conjunction with courses taken on the 700 and 800 levels, students are required to produce four research papers that will become a part of the student's permanent file. The Spirituality faculty will review these research papers prior to the student being admitted to doctoral candidacy. All four of these papers should deal explicitly with Spirituality and give evidence of the student's proficiency in doing research using foreign languages. Each paper is to be evaluated by the course professor and given a letter grade before it is submitted to the student's advisor who will place it in the student's file following review and acceptance.

Language Requirements

Candidates for the Ph.D. must demonstrate a reading knowledge of the following languages:

  1. Latin: Reading knowledge of Latin must be demonstrated by successful completion of the Latin Proficiency Exam administered by the Department of Greek and Latin or by a course in Patristic or Medieval Latin. Ordinarily, the Latin requirement should be satisfied during a student's first semester in the program.
  2. Greek: Demonstrated reading knowledge of either biblical or patristic Greek may be required either by the successful completion of a reading course in biblical or patristic Greek-depending upon the student's area of concentration or by an examination administered by the Department of Greek and Latin.
  3. A Major Modern language: Reading knowledge of a modern language in addition to French required as for the M.A. because of its extensive literature in spirituality: Italian, Spanish or German; proficiency must be demonstrated by passing an examination administered by the Department of Modern Languages.

Comprehensive Examination

The comprehensive examination is based upon a reading list drawn up by the student in consultation with the three members of the examining board.The list should include approximately fifty substantive titles drawn from both primary and secondary sources.Titles may be books, or a combination of articles equivalent to a scholarly book length.The list should consist of twenty books related to Christian Sprituality, fifteen books related to the minor area, and fifteen books related to the allied field.

Three days of written comprehensive examaminations (three hours each day) are taken within the span of a semester on dates designated by the School. The examining board evaluates the Comprehensive examination on a pass/fail basis.

Admission to Ph.D. Candidacy

After notification of successful completion of the comprehensive examination, the student must apply for candidacy. The faculty of the academic area votes on Ph.D. candidacy.

Dissertation

The student must write and defend a doctoral dissertation.

 

 

Doctor of Ministry Degree

“Preparing Pastoral Ministers for the New Evangelization”

Nature and Goals

The Doctor of Ministry degree with concentrations in catechesis, adult spiritual transformation, and pastoral care differs from a Ph.D. in that it is a professional doctorate offering students advanced theological and pastoral formation for competent and effective ministry. The program combines theory and pastoral experience and focuses on the integration of biblical, theological, and pastoral knowledge for excellence in ministry. It draws upon the resources of the School of Theology and Religious Studies and other departments and schools at The Catholic University of America, as well as the schools of the Washington Theological Consortium and Consortium of Universities.

Components of the Program

The Doctor of Ministry degree may be obtained through one of the following models:

1. Blended Learning Model: A total of nine courses are taught over the course of three consecutive summers. Students begin each semester online approximately six weeks before the residency. It is followed by a three-week residency and concludes with six more weeks of online coursework.

2. Blended Learning and Residential Model: Some students may elect to take regular graduate courses during the academic year at CUA in their area of concentration. These students also enroll in six required core courses offered only during the three-summer program.

All students are required to take the D. Min. Seminar, an online course offered in the fall semester.

Students complete the program by designing and implementing a project in ministry within their area of concentration.

 

Admission Requirements

1. Possession of the M.Div. degree or its educational equivalent of approximately 72 credits with a cumulative average of 3.0 or better. GREs are not required.

2. A minimum of three years of full-time service in pastoral ministry.

3. Completion of the Personal History Form, which includes a brief history of the academic, pastoral and vocational background of the applicant and an essay of 1,000 to 2,000 words presenting the applicant's personal history and goals in ministry.

4.Three letters of  recommendation, with at least one testifying to the student's ability to do doctoral work. The others should testify to the student's exemplary ministry.

For International Students Applying to the D. Min. Program

Graduate Admissions will be able to issue I-20s to international students who are going to enroll in the D. Min. program. The I-20 will be issued for the program's 3 year length with remarks stating that this is a summer only program and that the student will be in the U.S. only in the summe time (April through July). They will need to terminate the I-20 each July and reactivate a new I-20 for the following April.

IMPORTANT: Students will not be able to remain in the U.S. with this version of the CUA I-20 other than between April and Juley, unless they are fully enrolled in the fall and spring semesters for additional courses to apply to the D. Min. degree with the permission of STRS.

Degree Requirements

Coursework

A total of 30 hours beyond the M.Div. or its equivalent is required including 30 credit hours of course work and at least 2 additional hours of doctoral project guidance are required. A maximum of 6 credit hours may be transferred for work completed elsewhere. Continuous enrollment is required until graduation once the project has been approved in writing by the University.

Grade Point Average

Students are expected to maintain a grade point average of at least 3.0 in their coursework to be eligible for the D.Min. degree.

Candidacy

A student may apply for candidacy after completing 24 credit hours of doctoral level coursework. The student may not receive candidacy and hold the oral presentation on the D.Min. Project during the same semester; at least two semesters of D.Min. project guidance are required.

D.Min. Project

The D.Min. Project, with its treatsie and oral presentation, concludes the program and is ordinarily related to the concentration in which the student is enrolled. It is intended to demonstrate the student's ability to identify a problem in ministry and to discover appropriate interdisciplinary resources and theologically and pastorally relevant methods for its resolution.

Phases of the Project

The project has 4 components:

1. A proposal is developed and then approved by the D. Min Proposal Committee. Students work with their director in preparing this piece.

2. A project is implemented after the student receives official approval in writing of the proposal from the University.

3. A treatsie is written which integrates the theological and pastoral knowledge students have incorporated into the project and how the project furthers an understanding of ministry in the area of concentration.

4. An oral presentation is delivered on the project and what has been learned from the project to advance ministry in the area of concentration.

 

Pastoral Ministry

Associate Professor Rev. Michael Witczak
Associate Clinical Professor Msgr. Stephen Rossetti, Rev. Richard DeLillio, O.S.F.S.
Assistant Clinical Professor Rev. Michael Clay, director; Rev. Romuald Meogrossi, O.F.M., Conv.
Adjunct Assistant Professor
 Susan Timoney
Adjunct Lecturer Rev. Martin Burnham


 Goals of the Program

The Goal of Pastoral Studies is to prepare students for ordination in the Catholic Church or for lay ministry through a coordinated program of courses in academic subjects, pastoral skills, and supervised ministry.

Master of Divinity Degree

Nature and Goals

Since the Master of Divinity (M.Div.) is a first professional degree, the purpose of this program is to foster basic theological understanding and to develop initial pastoral competence on the part of students preparing for ministry. Accordingly, the M.Div. curriculum involves an in-depth study of the Christian, especially the Roman Catholic, theological tradition, and a supervised practice of ministry. The program offers an optional concentration in Hispanic Ministry that has additional requirements involving the Spanish language and Hispanic studies and placement.

Degree Requirements

Requirements for Admission

1. A bachelor's degree from an accredited college or university.

2. An undergraduate foundation in philosophy, consisting of a minimum of 12 credit hours drawn from the following areas: history of philosophy, logic, metaphysics, ethics, philosophy of God, and philosophical anthropology.

3. A reading knowledge of Latin.

Coursework

The M.Div. degree requires a minimum of 90 credit hours of graduate courses distributed as follows: systematic theology (18), moral theology (12), biblical studies (12), and one course each in canon law, church history, liturgical studies and spirituality (12), academic electives (12), pastoral ministry (18) and the ministry seminars (6). All students are ordinarily required to take six credits of Basic Supervised Ministry. At least one course must be taken in a non-Roman Catholic ecclesial tradition through the offerings of the Washington Theological Consortium. All students entering the program must take the following courses in their first fall semester: TRS 699: Proseminar for Master's Students, TRS 660:  History and Method inTheology, and TRS 630A: Foundations of Christian Moral Life. 

Ministry Seminars

The ministry seminars are designed to be the primary aid in achieving an integration of the theoretical and practical aspects of the program. Because the nature of the seminar is to integrate pastorally what the student has learned academically, the seminars should be taken during the last four semesters of the program.

Language Requirement

Students are expected to have a reading knowledge of Latin. Since Latin is considered a prerequisite, the requirement must be satisfied by the end of the first fall semester in the program.

Course Load

According to university regulations, the normal course load for graduate students is 12 credit hours per semester; the minimum load for full-time graduate students is eight credit hours. To facilitate fulfillment prerequisites for the M.Div. program, a student is permitted to enroll for a maximum of 15 credit hours if she or he has a grade point average of 3.0 or higher and receives permission from the Associate Dean for Seminary and Ministerial Programs. Students with the requisite background can complete the Master of Divinity program within three years; students generally complete the program in seven or eight semesters.

Grade Point Average

Students must maintain a grade point average of at least 2.75 in their coursework to be eligible for the M.Div. degree. Students who incur two or more failing grades in formal coursework are subject to academic dismissal.

Transfer Students

Students transferring into the School of Theology and Religious Studies from another institution may ask to have up to 45 credits applied to their M. Div. degree from their former institution, provided that these credits are at the grade level B or higher and are comparable to those required by the M.Div. degree as administered by the School. The Associate Dean for Seminary and Ministerial Programs will make the final decision about the number of credits to be applied. Ordinarily, courses taken as part of a previously-completed degree program will not be accepted for transfer. Exceptions to this policy are made by the Dean.

Master of Divinity in Hispanic Ministry Degree

Nature and Goals

The Catholic University of America offers a unique program in Hispanic Ministry that draws upon the resources of a major academic research institution, as well as on the resources of a large Hispanic community in the Washington metropolitan area. Students concentrating in Hispanic ministry are able to take courses not only in various academic areas of the School of Theology and Religious Studies, but also in other schools and departments of the university (such as Canon Law, Music, Social Service, Modern Languages, History, and Anthropology).

In addition to a well-rounded academic background, the program provides hands-on practical experience to those interested in serving the Hispanic/Latino community in the United States.

Serving the Church in the Local Community

The goal of the concentration in Hispanic Ministry is to prepare M.Div. students to play an active role in the life of the Hispanic Catholic community in North America. The program is designed so that students can learn not only about the Latin American background of Hispanics/Latinos, but also about the identity and contributions of the Hispanic/Latino population in the United States. Students have the opportunity to engage in historical, social, pastoral, and theological reflection on this increasingly significant population of the North American Catholic Church.

Concentration Requirements

The M.Div. concentration in Hispanic Ministry supplements the standard M.Div. degree through three types of courses at the graduate level:

1. Language proficiency.

2. Hispanic theology and culture.

3. Pastoral theology (three credits in Hispanic Ministry plus field placement and competency in sacramental ministry).

 

Doctor of Ministry Degree

“Preparing Pastoral Ministers for the New Evangelization”

Nature and Goals

The Doctor of Ministry degree with concentrations in catechesis, adult spiritual transformation, and pastoral care differs from a Ph.D. in that it is a professional doctorate offering students advanced theological and pastoral formation for competent and effective ministry. The program combines theory and pastoral experience and focuses on the integration of biblical, theological, and pastoral knowledge for excellence in ministry. It draws upon the resources of the School of Theology and Religious Studies and other departments and schools at The Catholic University of America, as well as the schools of the Washington Theological Consortium and Consortium of Universities.

Components of the Program

The Doctor of Ministry degree may be obtained through one of the following models:

1. Blended Learning Model: A total of nine courses are taught over the course of three consecutive summers. Students begin each semester online approximately six weeks before the residency. It is followed by a three-week residency and concludes with six more weeks of online coursework.

2. Blended Learning and Residential Model: Some students may elect to take regular graduate courses during the academic year at CUA in their area of concentration. These students also enroll in six required core courses offered only during the three-summer program.

All students are required to take the D. Min. Seminar, an online course offered in the fall semester.

Students complete the program by designing and implementing a project in ministry within their area of concentration.

and residential components. Each year, there is one special D.Min. semester stretching from April to July.During this

Admission Requirements

1. Possession of the M.Div. degree or its educational equivalent of approximately 72 credits with a cumulative average of 3.0 or better. GREs are not required.

2. A minimum of three years of full-time service in pastoral ministry.

3. Completion of the Personal History Form, which includes a brief history of the academic, pastoral and vocational background of the applicant and an essay of 1,000 to 2,000 words presenting the applicant's personal history and goals in ministry.

4.Three letters of  recommendation, with at least one testifying to the student's ability to do doctoral work. The others should testify to the student's exemplary ministry.

For International Students Applying to the D. Min. Program

Graduate Admissions will be able to issue I-20s to international students who are going to enroll in the D. Min. program. The I-20 will be issued for the program's 3 year length with remarks stating that this is a summer only program and that the student will be in the U.S. only in the summe time (April through July). They will need to terminate the I-20 each July and reactivate a new I-20 for the following April.

IMPORTANT: Students will not be able to remain in the U.S. with this version of the CUA I-20 other than between April and Juley, unless they are fully enrolled in the fall and spring semesters for additional courses to apply to the D. Min. degree with the permission of STRS.

Degree Requirements

Coursework

A total of 30 hours beyond the M.Div. or its equivalent is required including 30 credit hours of course work and at least 2 additional hours of doctoral project guidance are required. A maximum of 6 credit hours may be transferred for work completed elsewhere. Continuous enrollment is required until graduation once the project has been approved in writing by the University.

Grade Point Average

Students are expected to maintain a grade point average of at least 3.0 in their coursework to be eligible for the D.Min. degree.

Candidacy

A student may apply for candidacy after completing 24 credit hours of doctoral level coursework. The student may not receive candidacy and hold the oral presentation on the D.Min. Project during the same semester; at least two semesters of D.Min. project guidance are required.

D.Min. Project

The D.Min. Project, with its treatsie and oral presentation, concludes the program and is ordinarily related to the concentration in which the student is enrolled. It is intended to demonstrate the student's ability to identify a problem in ministry and to discover appropriate interdisciplinary resources and theologically and pastorally relevant methods for its resolution.

Phases of the Project

The project has 4 components:

1. A proposal is developed and then approved by the D. Min Proposal Committee. Students work with their director in preparing this piece.

2. A project is implemented after the student receives official approval in writing of the proposal from the University.

3. A treatsie is written which integrates the theological and pastoral knowledge students have incorporated into the project and how the project furthers an understanding of ministry in the area of concentration.

4. An oral presentation is delivered on the project and what has been learned from the project to advance ministry in the area of concentration.

Religion and Culture

Professors William Dinges, director; Rev. John T. Ford, C.S.C.; Wilhelmus Valkenberg
Associate Professors William Barbieri; Charles B. Jones; Sister Margaret Mary Kelleher, O.S.U.; Rev. Raymond Studzinski, O.S.B.; Robert D. Miller II
Assistant Professor Chad Pecknold


 

Goals of the Academic Area

This academic area emphasizes analysis of the ways that religious expressions have transformed cultures and have been transformed by them. The study of religion and culture incorporates two types of investigation. The first utilizes methods such as anthropology, hermeneutics, history, literary studies, psychology and sociology in the analysis of religion. The second attends to the history and teachings of non-Christian religions. These interdisciplinary methods help students to understand religion as a human phenomenon and to apply multiple approaches to its interpretation. Emphasis is placed on the critical study of symbol, ritual and myth and on the interchanges between religious traditions and their social and cultural forms. In addition to American religious traditions, the Hispanic experience in the United States, and religious movements, the area's subject matter includes social development, morality, art, architecture, science, economics and politics. As an interdisciplinary area in the School of Theology and Religious Studies, religion and culture pursues active dialogue with the Catholic tradition in theology.

Master of Arts Degree

Coursework

For the Master of Arts degree, 30 hours of coursework are required. The following three-credit courses are mandatory: TRS 760: Theological Foundations or TRS 660: History and Method in Theology; and TRS 780A: Introduction to the Study of Religion. Students also take nine credits in religion and culture courses, including three credits devoted to the cross-cultural study of religion or the study of a religious tradition other than Christianity. Nine additional credits may be selected from school courses related to the Catholic theological tradition, including offerings in historical and systematic theology, biblical studies, spirituality and religious education. Finally, six credits are to be taken in directed research, either in two specialized seminars or via a master's thesis. M.A. students must pass a proficiency test in one modern language. At least one full year of residence is required of M.A. candidates.

Comprehensive Examination

The purpose of the M.A. comprehensive examination is to enable the student to develop a synthesized understanding of issues and problems in the area of religion and culture. The examination consists of two parts administered on separate days, the first dealing with foundational questions in the study of religion and the Catholic tradition, and the second addressing more specialized topics in the field of religion and culture. The questions for the exam are based on area reading lists corresponding to its two parts as well as on the student's coursework. The reading list is available from the area website. The M.A. comprehensive examination is normally taken in the final semester of coursework, on dates designated in the university's academic calendar.

 

Doctor of Philosophy Degree

Coursework

For the Ph.D., a minimum of 36 credit hours of coursework beyond the M.A. is required. TRS 760: Theological Foundations or TRS 660: History and Method in Theology; and TRS 780A: Introduction to the Study of Religion, if not taken at the M.A. level, are required, as is a course in hermeneutics: either TRS 760B: Theology, Culture, and Hermeneutics; or TRS 780B: Religion and Hermeneutics. At least 21 credits should be in the field of religion and culture, including at least three credits devoted to the cross-cultural study of religion or the study of a religious tradition other than Christianity. In addition, at least nine credits should be in the Catholic theological tradition, and six credits in an allied area of specialization chosen from some other area of the school or department of the university (e.g., anthropology, sociology, philosophy).

Upon formal admission to the doctoral program, students consult with faculty advisers to project their full course of study. This will usually include all courses listed above for the M.A. degree. The director of the academic area, in conjunction with area faculty, gives final approval to each student's program of studies, normally at the end of the first semester of coursework.

All Ph.D. programs will include the completion of at least four major research papers (three if holding an M.A. from CUA in theology/religious studies) that give evidence of the student's ability to do scholarly research; these are done at the 800 level, normally in conjunction with research seminars. Students must maintain a 3.3 grade point average.

Languages

Doctoral students are required to demonstrate reading proficiency in two modern languages (e.g., French, German, Spanish, Chinese, Hindi or other as determined by the needs of their proposed research), either by passing an examination offered by the School or the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures or by a suitable alternative means. In addition, proficiency in each of these languages should be evidenced in at least one of the student's major research papers.

Comprehensive Examination

Comprehensive examinations are taken after a student has successfully completed coursework, research papers and languages, on dates specified by the school calendar. The comprehensive examination is a written test administered on three days, for four hours each day. One day of the examination will cover general topics in religion and culture. A second day will require demonstration of competence in the Catholic theological tradition. The third day will jointly address the subfield that has been designated as the area for dissertation research and the allied area chosen by the student.

Questions for the examination are based on a detailed bibliography developed by the student in conjunction with a faculty adviser.
 

Ph.D. Candidacy and Dissertation

After a student has successfully completed the comprehensive examinations, the director of the academic area, after consulting with the faculty, will recommend to the Dean that the student be admitted to doctoral candidacy. Upon admission to candidacy, the student may submit a dissertation proposal. Proposals must be approved by a committee of at least three faculty members, including at least two from the academic area; by the area faculty as a body; the School Ph.D. Committee, the STRS Dean, and by the office of the Vice Provost and Dean of Graduate Studies.

Dissertations are to be completed and defended orally in accordance with the School's and University's general procedures and requirements.

Joint Degree Programs

Joint Degree Program Combined Master of Arts / Master of Science in Library Science

A joint master's degree program in Religious Studies and in Library and Information Science provides students with a background for professional practice in a variety of settings. It also allows students to obtain two graduate degrees sooner than they could acquire each independently. Applicants for joint degrees must submit complete and separate applications (including the application fee and all required supporting documents) to both degree-granting units of the University. Joint degrees are conferred simultaneously after all requirements for both degrees have been met.

The joint M.A./M.S. in L.S. degree requires a total of 51 graduate semester hours in the two disciplines. Two specializations are available: Religious Studies and Archival Management, and General Librarianship and Religious Studies. The master's program in the School of Theology and Religious Studies introduces students to resources, issues, and research methods in religion, theology, church history, and allied fields, and will normally be tailored towards specializationin one of the School's academic areas. The program in library and information science certifies the student's competence in professional practice.

Joint Degree: The Sacred Theology Baccalaureate and The Master of Divinity Degree

Overview

The School of Theology and Religious Studies offers both ecclesiastical and civil degrees. The Master of Divinity degree is a civil professional degree, recognized in the United States and Canada by the Association of Theological Schools (ATS). The Pontifical Sacred Theological Baccalaureate degree is a first level graduate ecclesial academic degree. The offer of the joint degree serves to integrate ministerial with academic training.

Requirements

Admission

1. A bachelor's degree from an accredited college or university.

2. Superior achievement and the ability to pursue graduate work as indicated by official transcripts from previous institutions of study.

3. The results of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or Miller Analogies Test (MAT). GRE scores rather than MAT scores are necessary for applicants to be considered for most University scholarships.

4. Non-native English-speakers must demonstrate evidence of English proficiency through submission of Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) scores or through some other means.

5. At least three leters of recommendation from academics able to assess the applicant's ability to complete a graduate degree program.

6. An undergraduate foundation in philosophy (18 credits or equivalent), which includes a demonstrated background in the following areas: history of philosophy, logic, metaphysics, ethics, philosophy of God and philosophical anthropology.

7. An undergraduate background in religious studies that has provided: an introduction to Old Testament literature and an introduction to New Testament literature (6 credits or equivalents).

8. A reading knowledge of Latin.

Course Work (99 credits)

1. Proseminar (TRS 699)

2. Foundational- twenty-one (21) credits: Introduction to History and Method in Theology (3), Foundations of Christian Moral Life (3), Introduction to Patristic Theology (3), Introduction to Liturgy and Sacraments (3), Pastoral Theology (3), Introduction to Christian Spirituality (3), Basic Principles of Canon Law (3). Introduction to History and Method in Theology and Foundations of Christian Moral Life must be taken by S.T.B./MDiv students during the first year in the program.

3. Systematic theology - fifteen (15) credits, selected from: Revelation and Faith (3), Theology of God (3), Christian Anthropology (3), Christology (3), Theology of the Church (3), Christian Eschatology (3).

4. Liturgical studies and sacramental theology - six (6) credits, selected from: Sacraments of Initiation (3), Eucharist (3), Ordained Ministries (3), Sacraments of Reconciliation and Anointing (3).

5. Moral theology - nine (9) credits: Marriage (3), Christian Social and Political Ethics (3), Biomedical Ethics (3).

6. Scripture - fifteen (15) credits: two courses from Old Testament offerings (6), two courses from New Testament offerings (6), one course chosen from either set of offerings (3). These courses are to be chosen from the following: Pentateuch; Prophets; Psalms; Synoptics; John; Pauline Letters.

7. Church history (3) - three credits: one course chosen from the appropriate offerings.

8. Academic electives (9) – nine credits

9. Pastoral ministry (15) fifteen credits - (Pastoral Theology, including those listed in the foundational courses above) All students are ordinarily required to take six credits of Basic Supervised Ministry.

10. Ministry seminars (6) – six credits.

11. Students who are candidates for priesthood in the Roman Catholic Church must take one course in a non-Roman Catholic ecclesial tradition during their course of studies.

Language Requirement

Students are expected to have a reading knowledge of Latin. Since Latin is considered a prerequisite, this requirement must be satisfied by the end of the first fall semester in the program.

Course Load

No student may carry a course load beyond 15 credits. With the approval of the Associate Dean for Seminary and Ministerial Studies, and under the condition that the course is not being offered by the School in a given term, students may take one course per term outside the School. To ensure the academic integrity of the degree, only one course from each academic area may be taken outside the School.

Grade Point Average

The student must maintain a grade point average of 2.75 or above.

Transfer Students

Students transferring into the School of Theology and Religious Studies from another institution may ask to have up to 45 credits applied to their joint STB/M.Div. degree from their former institution, provided that these credits are at the grade level B or higher and are comparable to courses taught at the School. The Associate Dean for Seminary and Ministerial Studies will make the final decision about the number of credits to be applied.

Comprehensive Examination

To qualify for the comprehensive examination, the student must have satisfied the Latin requirement and have a grade point average of 2.75 or above. The awarding of the S.T.B. degree also depends on the successful completion of the comprehensive examination.

Usually, the student takes the comprehensive examination in the last semester of study. The subject matter of the examination is material covered in the courses in systematic and sacramental theology, moral theology and Scripture. Past exam questions and a list of themes and readings for review are available from the STRS office.

Students may choose either three hours of written examination or one hour of oral examination before three members of the faculty. In order to pass the comprehensive exam, a student must receive an average grade of 2.5 (on a scale of 0 to 4.0) on the exam. A candidate for the S.T.B. degree may not continue candidacy after two failures in the comprehensive examination.

STB and Master of Divinity in Hispanic Ministry Degree

Requirements

The joint STB and M.Div. degree has one possible concentration in Hispanic Ministry. This concentration focuses the standard STB and M.Div. degree through the selection of graduate courses in these three areas:

1. Language proficiency.

2. Hispanic theology and culture.

3. Pastoral theology (three credits in Hispanic Ministry plus field placement and competency in sacramental ministry).

Six Year Ph.B.-S.T.B. Program

In conjunction with the School of Philosophy at the Catholic University of America, the School of Theology and Religious Studies offers a six-year joint Bachelor of Philosophy, Ph.B., and Bachelor of Sacred Theology, S.T.B., degree program for qualified students. This six-year joint Ph.B.-S.T.B. program is an integrated program of 64 three-credit courses leading to the two degrees. To complete the program in six years requires taking a total of four courses during the first two summers of the program. For more information, please contact the STRS office.

Educational Affiliations Institutes and Opportunities

The academic areas of the School of Theology and Religious Studies, through the research and professional degree programs they offer, are intended to make significant contributions to the Church and to society. Insofar as these areas are related to the ever-present pastoral needs of the Church, the School provides a variety of programs to ensure the essential dialogue between those who do research and those who are most affected by it. In order to accomplish these goals more effectively, the School has entered into agreements with other institutes, schools and professional institutions.

Since the academic public of the school includes seminarians, lay men and women preparing for teaching, research, or other ministries in the Church and academic life, ordained priests, and men and women religious, it is important to maintain cooperative relationships with other academic and professional resources. In addition, increased interest in continuing education has changed the educational opportunities available to all those involved in pastoral ministry. The School of Theology and Religious Studies is committed to serving the Church by developing and consolidating a variety of educational programs.

Preparation for Ordination

Education for ordained ministry at The Catholic University of America derives from a 1927 mandate of the University's Board of Trustees to provide a seminary course for the education of candidates for the priesthood.

The education of seminarians has been a fitting part of the University's mission to be of service to the Church by preparing its future leaders. The Code of Canon Law (c. 250), the Ratio Fundamentalis Institutionis Sacerdotalis of the Sacred Congregation for Catholic Education (nos. 61 and 76) and the Program of Priestly Formation of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops call for four years of theological education in preparation for priestly ordination. The School's degree programs in theology and pastoral studies offer and strongly recommend an eight-semester program of theological studies for seminarians. The degree programs offered afford a variety of opportunities for students preparing for ordination to obtain recognized academic and professional degrees. The ecclesiastical degrees are acknowledged internationally as preparation for priestly ministry. The S.T.B. degree can be obtained in three years. It can be followed by the S.T.L. and the S.T.D. degrees. In addition to the academic courses required by the degree, opportunities are provided for students to participate in pastoral courses that integrate theology, pastoral ministry and supervised experiential learning. The Master of Divinity program is an advantageous way for students to prepare themselves for a variety of ministries in the Church. The program requirements ensure that students integrate academic work and pastoral experience in view of future ministry. Seminarians may also opt to pursue the S.T.B. and M.Div. jointly. Students also have the opportunity to do specialized work in preparation for particular ministries, such as Hispanic ministry. The judgments about a candidate's qualifications and readiness for ordination belong to the candidate and to the seminary or house of studies in which he is enrolled with the final judgment made by his ecclesiastical superior.

While the School of Theology and Religious Studies does not assume responsibility for evaluating a student's suitability for ministry, it does provide an evaluation of the academic performance and the professional capabilities of the students enrolled in its programs. Acceptance into (or exclusion from), as well as completion of, any of the degree programs of the School does not imply a judgment on the qualifications of a student for ordination. Since the preparation for ordination to the priesthood requires not only theological studies but also human, spiritual, and pastoral formation (cf. Program of Priestly Formation), a candidate for ordination must also be enrolled in a seminary or house of studies. Theological College, the University seminary, provides the human and spiritual formation necessary for ordination. Here students preparing for diocesan priesthood find the resources and competent help in integrating personally all aspects of their preparation for ordained ministry. Other seminaries and houses of formation in Washington, D.C., and the metropolitan area also use the Schools of Philosophy and Theology and Religious Studies for the philosophical and theological preparation of men for priestly ministry. The Associate Dean for Seminary and Ministerial Studies acts as a liasion between the School and the seminarians.

Intellectual Formation of Seminarians in Theology

The School of Theology and Religious Studies at The Catholic University of America boasts a faculty of distinguished, often internationally renowned, scholars.

Many professors are the authors of texts used in colleges, seminaries and universities throughout the United States. Seminarians at Theological College are registered in the school with access to the faculty in all the academic areas of study: biblical studies and languages; Church history and historical theology; liturgical studies and sacramental theology; moral theology/ethics; pastoral studies such as Hispanic ministry, religious education/catechetics, spirituality and supervised ministry; religion and culture; and dogmatic and systematic theology.

Seminarians may take courses that draw on the resources and talents of more than 40 scholars. Because the School is an ecclesiastical as well as a recognized civil faculty, it grants a wide variety of civil, ecclesiastical, and pastoral degrees. All seminarians are required to complete ordination requirements established by the Program on Priestly Formation promulgated by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. These requirements include Scripture, systematic theology, moral theology, liturgy, history, and canon law. They also include direct service to the poor, supervised ministry, two years of parish placement, preaching and celebration. The School of Theology and Religious Studies cooperates with Theological College and other houses of studies to provide these additional pastoral programs. Seminarians ordinarily enroll in one of three degree programs under the guidance of the Associate Dean for Seminary and Ministerial Studies and the student's academic advisors:

  • The Master of Divinity degree, M.Div. a first professional degree for seminarians for whom the pastoral focus of academic formation in all the academic areas of Catholic theology is especially significant.

  • The Master of Arts Degree, M.A. in theology for seminarians who wish to pursue a more specific academic program.

  • Bachelor of Sacred Theology, S.T.B. a first ecclesiastical degree that provides seminarians with a basic theological orientation in Catholic theology.

The School of Theology and Religious Studies also offers a Licentiate in Sacred Theology, S.T.L.; a Doctor of Sacred Theology, S.T.D., a Doctor of Philosophy, Ph.D., and a Doctor of Ministry degree, D.Min.. The licentiate and the doctorate in theology are advanced ecclesiastical degrees, with concentrations in biblical theology, historical theology, liturgical studies, and moral and systematic theology. The Doctor of Ministry is a professional doctorate that focuses upon pastoral ministry in adult spiritual formation, liturgical studies, and pastoral care and counseling. Qualified seminarians who complete their first graduate degrees prior to ordination can often begin work on one of these advanced degrees or one of the many other degree programs in the school. Seminarians may also benefit from more than 250 elective course offerings available at The Catholic University of America and 10 other independent ecumenical schools of theology that make up the Washington Theological Consortium. During their matriculation at the university, seminarians are required to take at least one course in another ecclesial tradition through the offerings of the Consortium. Through a cooperative agreement with the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and the Family, seminarians, as well as other graduate students in the School, can also elect coursework in this highly specialized academic area. In summary, seminarians have the opportunity to integrate the traditional intellectual riches of Catholic theology, its interaction with contemporary culture and other religious traditions, and a supervised pastoral commitment. Together these elements should form not only competent, faithful priests, but genuine pastoral leaders in the Church.

Intellectual Formation of Seminarians in Pre-Theology

In accord with the vision and norms of the Program of Priestly Formation, Fifth Edition, for pre-theology studies, the School of Philosophy in association with the School of Theology and Religious Studies offers a comprehensive and flexible pre-theology program for candidates for priestly ministry. The School of Philosophy offers a coordinated series of philosophy courses for the intellectual formation of pre-theology students in all the areas of philosophy specified by the Program of Priestly Formation. The School of Theology and Religious Studies offers the full range of theology courses specified for this program, and the University also has rich offerings in ancient and modern languages, Catholic art and culture, literature, public speaking, and other fields.

Certificate Program in Pre-Theology Studies

The School of Philosophy offers a two-year program in pre-theology studies leading to the Certificate in Pre-Theology Studies. Candidates for the certificate are matriculated in the School of Philosophy and follow a course of studies determined by the vision and norms of the Program of Priestly Formation, Fifth Edition, for pre-theology studies as specified below. Qualified candidates of the certificate program may be combined with studies for the degree of Master of Arts or Licentiate in Philosophy. Interested students should consult the Announcements from the School of Philosophy for further details.

Theological College

University Seminary

Theological College is the Seminary of the Catholic University of America. The School of Theology and Religious Studies of The Catholic University of America offers diocesan-sponsored seminarians enrolled at Theological College and CUA the theological instruction essential for priestly ministry as prescribed by the approved degree programs. Theological College provides spiritual, human and pastoral formation as prescribed by the Program of Priestly Formation of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.The School of Theology and Religious Studies also collaborates with Theological College in offering certain courses and programs of pastoral formation required by the seminarians’ academic degree programs and the PPF of the USCCB.

Seminary Faculty

Theological College is administered by the Sulpician Fathers, a group of diocesan priests whose apostolate for 300 years has been the preparation of men for the priesthood. The Rector is assisted in this by formation faculty members, whose primary responsibilities include: personal guidance and human formation, spiritual direction and formation, liturgy and liturgical formation, prayer and the evaluation of seminarians’ progress. Every seminarian has a priest spiritual director in the internal forum.Faculty members also serve as external forum advisers in human, spiritual and pastoral formation to a number of students, meeting regularly with each to help them internalize the multidimensional aspects of their formation into personal and religious growth and ministerial readiness.

Seminarians

Seminarians are sent to Theological College by bishops from dioceses throughout the United States. At present, there is an enrollment of 86 students from more than 37 dioceses and archdioceses. Fourteen of are recipients of the Basselin Scholarship for Philosophical Studies and Pre-Theology Education.

Priestly Formation

The goal of Theological College is to assist seminarians prepare for priestly life and ministry in the Church in the United States, utilizing the resources of Theological College and Catholic University. All aspects of priestly formation are pursued according to the directives of the fifth edition of The Program of Priestly Formation (PPF, 2006) of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, normative guidelines approved by the American Bishops and the Congregation for Catholic Education for priestly education in the United States. Theological College has developed a local mission statement and programs to implement these norms in furtherance of its mission.

Community Life

The seminary faculty and seminarians form a community united in faith under the headship of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Together they engage in the work of priestly formation in its four dimensions as outlined in the Apostolic Exhortation Pastores Dabo Vobis: human, spiritual, intellectual and pastoral. Theological College's Student Handbook highlights these four dimensions, outlining more specifically the manner in which they are to be implemented at a university-based seminary. Seminarians are given clearly stated expectations for each dimension of priestly formation. Rector's conferences and small group discussions provide the opportunity for seminarians to reflect on questions of priestly spirituality in a format that involves peer interaction. Theological College supports a student government structure that allows seminarians to be involved in implementing the goals of the seminary.

Spiritual Formation Program

A primary concern of Theological College is the personal and spiritual growth and formation of the seminarians involving three dynamics: The first derives from the Sulpician heritage as expressed by Father Olier, the Sulpician's founder, in his maxim, "To live supremely for God in Christ Jesus;" the second dynamic is based on reflection on the way in which holy and effective priests live and minister today, subject of this participate to the need for a personal spirituality that will sustain the seminarian after ordination; the third derives from the unique context in which Theological College is situated, that is a university setting that gathers students from many different dioceses, each with its own specific ministerial needs.

Seminarians come together daily to celebrate the Eucharist and Morning and Evening Prayer from the Liturgy of Hours, and every seminarian works with an individual spiritual director to deepen his response to God's love, especially by developing a solid prayer life.Community celebrations of Reconciliation are held on a regular basis, and seminarians have access to many other resources for private celebration of this sacrament as well. In addition to an annual retreat, other prayer experiences are scheduled throughout the year.

Formation Advising/Evaluation Program

To assist bishops who send their students to Theological College, the faculty engages in a process of advisement and evaluation in a spirit of service to the student and the diocese. Every seminarian has a priest adviser from the seminary faculty who is concerned with his progress toward personal maturity, his readiness to embrace the commitments of priestly life, his grasp of theology, and his completion of ordination requirements and acquisition of the pastoral skills needed for priestly ministry. An annual evaluation, which is sent to each seminarian’s bishop, evaluates his progress according to the essential dimensions of priestly formation: human, spiritual, intellectual and pastoral.

Theological and Pastoral Programs

Seminarians are enrolled in the School of Theology and Religious Studies for the theological and certain pastoral dimensions of their preparation. Each pursues one of three first graduate degrees: M.A. in theology, Bachelor of Sacred Theology (S.T.B.), or Master of Divinity (M.Div.). Each degree has its own respective focus and integrating features. All seminarians must also complete ordination requirements that include Scripture, systematics, moral theology, liturgy, history and canon law, as well as engage in programs of direct service to the poor, supervised ministry to the sick, two years of parish placement, preaching and celebration. The resources of Theological College and Catholic University’s program are enhanced through membership in the Washington Theological Consortium. Seminarians are able to cross-register in certain courses offered by the member institutions of the Consortium.

Pre-Theology

Theological College offers a complete two-year pre-theology program according to the directives of the PPF (no. 185). Pre-theology encompasses human, spiritual, intellectual and pastoral formation as well. Adaptations are made to meet the specific needs of individuals and their dioceses. The pre-theology program utilizes the resources of the School of Philosophy and the School of Theology and Religious Studies to meet all the requirements of the PPF.

Joint Degree Program

As of the 2009-2010 academic year seminarians at Theological College can work towards both the M.Div. and S.T.B. degrees at the same time. Please contact Theological College for details.

Ecumenical and Interreligious Affiliations

The School of Theology and Religious Studies seeks to bring critical inquiry, experimentation and reflection to the Roman Catholic faith tradition. In cooperation with other schools of the University, the School attempts to realize an ideal that the Second Vatican Council proposed for institutions of higher learning, namely, "That the Christian mind may achieve, as it were, a public, persistent and universal presence in the whole enterprise of advancing higher culture" (Declaration on Christian Education, 10). Moreover, the School is committed to investigate and advance ecumenical and interreligious questions and relationships (Sapientia Christiana, 69). Its faculty moves beyond academic study to engage other Christian churches and the religions of the world in dialogue. As a minimum condition for these concerns, the school rejects "every type of discrimination, whether social or cultural, whether based on sex, race, color, social condition, language or religion as contrary to God's intent" (Pastoral Constitution of the Church in the Modern World, 29). In 1998, the then School of Religious Studies founded the Institute for Interreligious Study and Dialogue in the area of interfaith dialogue.

Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family

The Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family is a graduate theological school founded by the Holy Father in 1982 to help develop more fully the Church's understanding of the person, marriage and family in the light of divine revelation. The Washington, D.C. Session of the Institute began its work in fall 1988. The Institute is a community of scholars, global in its environment and vision and multidisciplinary in its academic scope. Its programs of study foster the theological competency necessary for teaching and research and for the exercise of a variety of Christian ministries, including counseling and pastoral work in the specialized areas of marriage and the family, and for religious leadership positions, especially in Family Life Bureaus. The Institute offers three degree programs: a specialized Doctorate in Sacred Theology (S.T.D.), a Licentiate in Sacred Theology of marriage and family (S.T.L.), and a Master of Theological Studies (M.T.S.) in marriage and family. In 2002 The Catholic University of America and the John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and the Family entered into a cooperative agreement through which students enrolled in degree programs in either institution could take two courses during a given academic year with the permission of the respective deans. Please consult the catalogue of the institute available through the office of the Dean of the School of Theology and Religious Studies or the Dean of the John Paul II Institute:

E-mail: information@johnpaulii.edu.
Web site: www.johnpaulii.edu.

Washington Theological Consortium

The Catholic University of America was one of the founding member institutions of the Washington Theological Consortium in 1967. Since its incorporation in 1971, the Consortium has worked actively to coordinate programs of theological education among and for its founding member institutions, which include the Dominican House of Studies, Howard University Divinity School, Episcopal Theological Seminary, Washington Theological Union, Wesley Theological Seminary and Lutheran Theological Seminary (at Gettysburg, PA) The Consortium fosters ecumenical and academic cooperation through joint faculty committees, team-taught courses in specialized areas, publication of a guide to the extensive library resources in the member institutions, cross-listing of course offerings, and the like. Through the Consortium, CUA students may register for courses at member institutions through the CUA Office of Enrollment Services, and such courses will automatically be added to the student's transcript with no extra procedures necessary. Students should consult the Associate Deans for Seminarian and Ministerial Studies and Graduate Studies concerning registration for courses in other institutions of the consortium. Please consult with the appropriate dean to locate eligible courses and obtain permissions.

Other Educational Opportunities

The academic areas of the School of Theology and Religious Studies, through the research and professional degree programs they offer, are intended to make significant contributions to the Church. Insofar as these very disciplines are related to the ever-present pastoral needs of the Church, the school provides a variety of programs to ensure the essential dialogue between those who do research and those who are most affected by it.

The recent societal interest in continuing education has revolutionized the educational opportunities available to those involved in pastoral ministry. The School of Theology and Religious Studies is committed to serving the Church by offering a variety of continuing educational programs.

Course Audit and Postdoctoral Audit

Certain courses offered each semester are open to those who wish to enroll as special students for the purpose of auditing. Without being obliged to complete the specific course requirements, students are allowed to participate in order to pursue their lifelong learning in those disciplines of interest to them. Postdoctoral audit is a privilege that may be extended under certain circumstances by the Dean of the School. Past events have included national conferences honoring the Year of Paul and the Year of the Priest.

Workshops

The School of Theology and Religious Studies sponsors workshops on timely issues. Concerned with significant diocesan and parochial issues, these workshops provide an opportunity to reflect on their mission together with the faculty and the participants. Information on any of the School's continuing education programs is available from the School of Theology and Religious Studies, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064.

 

School of Theology and Religious Studies Students' Association

The official organization of the students in the School is the School of Theology and Religious Studies Student Association, STRSSA. Membership in STRSSA is automatic with a students' enrollment in the School of Theology and Religious Studies. STRSSA activities are directed by an annually elected board, composed of officers and representatives from each academic area. The prime function of the School of Theology and Religious Studies Students Association is representation. STRSSA names voting student representatives to the School's and the degree program committees, to the Graduate Students Association Board and to the student board of the Washington Theological Consortium. STRSSA board members attend program and school faculty meetings, acting as liaisons between students and faculty, giving student reports, advice, suggestions and perspective, but do not hold voting rights at faculty meetings.

Courses Offered

Please consult the registrar's Web site at https://cardinalstation.cua.edu for descriptions of courses offered in the current semester.

For a complete list of graduate course offerings, go to the School website: http://trs.cua.edu/courses/courses.cfm

 

Footnotes