The Catholic University of America

School of Nursing

Officers of Instruction

Faculty

Nalini N.Jairath, Ph.D., R.N.
Associate Professor and Dean
Mary A.Paterson, Ph.D., R.N.
Associate Professor and Associate Dean
Janice Griffin Agazio, Ph.D., CPNP
Assistant Professor
Kathleen Buckley, Ph.D., R.N.
Associate Professor
Sister Rosemary Donley, Ph.D., CRNP, ANP, FAAN
Ordinary Professor
Janalyn Edmonds, Ph.D., R.N.
Assistant Professor
Sister Mary Jean Flaherty, S.C., Ph.D., R.N., FAAN.
Ordinary Professor
Marjorie Graziano, M.S.N., R.N., FNP.
Clinical Assistant Professor
Cynthia Knoll Grandjean, Ph.D., M.G.A., CRNP, ANP/GNP
Assistant Professor
Elizabeth Hawkins-Walsh, Ph.D., R.N., CPNP
Clinical Associate Professor
Lois M. Hoskins, Ph.D., R.N., FAAN
Professor Emerita
Eden Kan, Ph.D, R.N. Assistant Professor
Laurie Lemieux, M.S., R.N., WHNP
Clinical Instructor
Patricia McMullen, Ph.D., J.D., CNS, CRNP Associate Professor
Barbara Moran,Ph.D., R.N., CNM, FACCE
Assistant Professor
Janet Merritt, Ph.D., R.N.
Assistant Professor
Sister Mary Elizabeth O'Brien, Ph.D., R.N., FAAN
Ordinary Professor
Sister Maria Salerno, O.S.F., Ph.D., APRN-BC, APN/GNP.
Associate Professor
Jean E. Toth, Ph.D., R.N.
Associate Professor
Teresa Walsh, Ph.D., B.S.N., R.N. Assistant Professor

Adjunct Faculty

Anna C Alt-White, Ph.D. R.N
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Denise Baugh, Pharm.D, .M.B.A.
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Jill Dombrowski, Ph.D. R.N.
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Miriam Erice, B.S.N., M.Ed., R.N., BC
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Mourine Evans, B.S.N.,M.S.
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Joyce Johnson, DNSc., R.N., FAAN
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Donna Knauth ,Ph.D. R.N.C
Research Assistant Professor
Fredric Lombardo, Pharm.D., M.S., RPh, BCPS, BCNSP, BCOP
Adjunct Professor
Alice Myers, M.S.
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Frank Pucino, Pharm.D., BCPS, FDPGEC, FASHP
Adjunct Professor
Carmen Ramirez, Ph.D., R.N.
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Eileen Sarsfield, M.S.N., R.N.
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Rita Seifert ,Ph.D. Adjunct Assistant Professor
Janet Southby, Ph.D., R.N., ANC
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Carole Stone, M.S.N., R.N. CPNP
Adjunct Assistant Professor

Clinical Associates

Clinical Associates to the School of Nursing vary by semester.

History

The School of Nursing traces its beginning to the summer of 1932 when The Catholic University of America for the first time offered a group of professional courses in nursing education. Because of the demand, the work was continued during the following academic year and in April 1933 the Board of Trustees authorized a curriculum leading to the degree Bachelor of Science in Nursing Education. The first degree was conferred in 1934. The Division of Nursing Education, which offered this program, was approved for active membership in the Association of Collegiate Schools of Nursing in June 1935. The Division of Public Health Nursing, offering a curriculum leading to the baccalaureate degree, was initiated in September 1935. In November 1935, the Board of Trustees accepted the recommendation of Bishop James Hugh Ryan that the two divisions be organized as one of the professional schools of the university. The programs of study leading to the degrees of Bachelor of Science in Nursing Education and Bachelor of Science in Public Health Nursing were approved. The school was subsequently expanded to include basic professional nursing in addition to the program for registered nurses. In 1939 the Providence Hospital School of Nursing, Washington, D.C., became the Providence Division of the School of Nursing Education and during the next decade gradually moved toward complete identification with the university. In 1949 the university assumed full responsibility for the undergraduate program.

In 1951 the degree of Master of Science in Nursing was introduced. The current program prepares nurses for advanced practice roles in a clinical specialty, with students prepared as nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists and educators. A program leading to the degree Doctor of Nursing Science was initiated in 1968.

It was one of the first of its kind in the country and graduates hold major leadership positions in education, health care administration and research. In the spring of 2006, the D.N.Sc. program was converted to a Ph.D. granting program. The focus of the doctoral program remains on clinical investigation and development of expert clinicians who can assume leadership positions in many different areas.

Most recently, in 2007 the school added a Doctor of Nursing Practice, DNP, program that prepares expert clinicians and nursing leaders.

The school is recognized for its program offerings, the quality of faculty and commitment to diversity and improving the care of vulnerable populations. Graduates remain the school's greatest strength because of leadership, knowledge, clinical expertise, and commitment to continuous learning and improvement.

All academic programs are fully accredited and approved by appropriate external review bodies.

Mission

Strengthened by a rich heritage of Catholic teachings and Christian values, the mission of the School of Nursing is (a) to prepare professionally educated nurses who are capable of the moral, intellectual, and professional leadership needed to provide continuing quality in clinical nursing care, in nursing education, in nursing research, and in nursing service; and, (b) to advance nursing knowledge and skill through scientific inquiry and other scholarly activity.

Goals

The four specific educational goals of the School of Nursing, as identified by the faculty, are:

1. Educational programs are implemented to meet the mission of the School of Nursing and the university, the standards set by the profession and societal needs.

2. The climate and environment in the School of Nursing facilitates faculty and student research and scholarly activities.

3. A competitive market position is maintained to enroll a sufficient number of qualified students of diverse backgrounds to support the excellence of the educational programs.

4. Contributions to the health care of people are made through an emphasis on Christian, moral, and spiritual value systems within the context of Catholic teachings.

Bachelor of Science in Nursing Program

Aim

The aim of the baccalaureate program is to prepare students for beginning professional nursing practice. The program provides the general and professional education essential for understanding human beings, their culture, and their environment; for acquiring and utilizing nursing theory upon which nursing practice is based; and for promoting self-understanding, personal fulfillment, and motivation for continued learning. The student in the program is prepared to maintain and promote client adaptation in a variety of health care settings, through theory and utilization of the nursing process.

Terminal Objectives

The graduate of the baccalaureate program in nursing will:

  1. Demonstrate moral integrity in caring for all persons.
  2. Synthesize foundational and theoretical knowledge from religion, philosophy, the humanities, and the natural and behavioral sciences in their practice of nursing
  3. Integrate the principles of primary health care in the delivery of compassionate, technically competent, holistic nursing care.
  4. Demonstrate knowledge of the context in which professional nurses practice, including the biobehavioral, cultural, political, environmental, economic, ethical, legal, scientific, and spiritual dimensions.
  5. Demonstrate effective skills in communicating and collaborating with clients, health care providers, and members of the community.
  6. Demonstrate use of critical thinking skills in making informed judgments in the management of health for individuals, families, groups, and communities.
  7. Apply leadership principles in practice settings, to influence and educate others in providing health care.
  8. Reflect a commitment to self-development and the advancement of the profession of nursing through participation in educational, community, and organizational activities.
  9. Use the nursing process to promote and restore health, and prevent illness in individuals, families, groups and communities, including vulnerable populations.
  10. Evaluate research findings for application to professional nursing practice.

Program of Study

There are two main Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.) program options: (a) the basic program option, and (b) the accelerated program option . These option differ in terms of the admission requirements and the curriculum plan.

Basic Program Option

The basic program, or curriculum plan is designed for the beginning nursing student; high school graduates or students with limited college transfer credit. This program of study may also be modified to meet the needs of other applicants seeking the B.S.N. but having different entrance qualifications. College graduates with non-nursing degrees or students with more than 55 college credits should apply to the accelerated program. Registered nurse graduates who have at least 55 college credits should also apply to the accelerated program.

The School of Nursing Web site (www.nursing.cua.edu) contains the newest and most complete information on plans of study and nursing coursework.


Admission Requirements

In addition to the university requirements, high school courses in biology and chemistry are required. Submission of SAT or ACT scores is also required. Students with earned credits from other accredited colleges or universities are eligible for transfer on a space available basis. Students with nursing credits from other accredited programs who are not registeres nurses must take all required CUA nursing courses regardless of previous nursing course work.

Transfer Students

Admission for transfer students into the basic program is on a space available basis and includes a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.5 and evaluation of goal statement, references, and extracurricular activities. A program plan will be determined after an evaluation of coursework from other postsecondary institutions has been completed. The school has policies for the acceptance of transfer students and validation of courses taken elsewhere. Course syllabi may be requested. Students applying for transfer from other schools within the university will be considered according to the above guidelines. Internal transfer students are also accepted on a space-available basis. Applicants should be aware that the length of their nursing program of study may not be shortened if they are missing essential freshman level coursework. Transfer students are also encouraged to review application requirements for the accelerated program.

International Students

Baccalaureate nursing programs are intensive academic programs with a heavy practice component. They require proficiency in written and spoken English and familiarity with the educational system in the United States, particularly with teaching and testing methods, to be successful. In addition, a broad background in liberal studies and the humanities is necessary to develop the critical thinking and problem-solving skills required to function as a professional nurse in the health care system in the United States.

Admission into the School of Nursing, subsequent course load, and length of program will be determined based on a review of the transcript evaluation, TOEFL score, and English placement examination. Enrollment in intensive English courses may be necessary to progress in the nursing program.

Requesting the transcript evaluation from an approved educational evaluation service is the responsibility of the student and must be submitted directly to the Office of Admissions by the service. It must include an English translation and a course-by-course evaluation, as well as credential evaluation.

All students for whom English is a second language must complete the English placement examination offered by the university regardless of the completion of English courses at other institutions. Recommendations based on the English placement examination must be satisfied for progression into the nursing program.

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science in Nursing Degree-Basic Program Option

Full-time and part-time study is available. All nursing students will be assigned a faculty adviser who is available for consultation on academic matters.

The program consists of 120 credits in the following distribution. The program requirements may be modified for transfer and accelerated students.

Natural Science and Math- 22 credits

Chemistry (inorganic and organic
chemistry content)
4 credits
Human anatomy and physiology 8 credits
Microbiology 3 credits
Statistics 3 credits

English-3 credits

All students are required to take one English writing course. The particular course depends on the criteria for placement at the time of matriculation. Transfer credit will be evaluated on an individual basis. All students for whom English is a second language must complete the English placement examination offered at the university,

Philosophy-6 credits

May be modified for transfer and accelerated program students.

Religion-9 credits

Of the three required religion courses, one must be a biomedical ethics course. Religion requirements may be modified for transfer and accelerated program students. N 569 Spirituality in Nursing may be used in partial fulfillment of the religion requirement.

Humanities/Liberal Studies-9-15 credits

Psychology 3 credits
Electives 12 credits (6 credits of electives must be in humanities/liberal arts; 6 are free electives.

Nursing-69 credits

Introduction to Professional Nursing 2
Foundations of Nursing Practice 3
Health Assessment 4
Communication for Health Care Professionals 3
Nutrition and Health 2
Pathophysiology/Pharmacology 7
Community and Environmental Nursing Lecture and Clinical Applications 5
Nursing Applications 3
Growth and Development Concepts for Nurses 3
Mental Health Nursing Lecture and Clinical Applications 5
Evidence Based Care/Health Informatics 3
Introduction to Nursing Research 3
Children in Health and Illness Lecture and Clinical Applications 5
Women in Health and Illness Lecture and Clinical Applications 5
Management of Health Care Delivery 3
Transition to Professional Practice 3
Adults in Health and Illness: Clinical Applications in Medical Surgical Nursing
Basic Clinical Applications 2
Intermediate Clinical Applications 2
Advanced Clinical Applications 3
Clinical leadership 3

Nursing Courses in the BSN Program

All courses listed below are three credit unless otherwise noted. Course descriptions are available on the Web at https://cardinalstation.cua.edu.

Many courses are open to non-nursing students on a space available basis. Students from other schools should check with the School of Nursing before registering for nursing courses.

The number of hours of meeting/contact time per week is determined by the type of nursing course and credits. The following ratios are used:

Didactic Course 1 credit=1 hour/week
Clinical/Lab Course 1 credit= 3 hours/week
NURS Title
150 Introduction to Professional Nursing (2)
240 Foundations of Nursing Practice
254 Communication for Health Care Professionals
257 Nutrition and Health (2)
258 Health Assessment (4)
272 Nursing Applications
275 Adults in Health and Illness Basic Clinical Applications (2)
310 Pathophysiology/Pharmacology (4)
370 Community & Environmental Nursing Lecture
372 Community & Environmental Nursing Clinical Applications (2)
371 Pathophysiology/Pharmacology
375 Mental Health Nursing Lecture
377 Mental Health Nursing Clinical Applications (2)
376 Adults in Health and Illness Intermediate Clinical Applications (2)
378 Evidence-based Care/Health Informatics
380 Growth and Development Concepts for Nursing
391 Concepts for Professional Nursing
401 Directed Study for Professional Practice (0)
403 Introduction to Nursing Research
420 Child and Adolescent Health and Illness Lecture
421 Child and Adolescent Health and Illness Clinical Applications (2)
423 Women in Health and Illness Lecture
428 Women in Health and Illness Clinical Applications (2)
424 Management of Health Care Delivery
426 Adults in Health and Illness Clinical Leadership
427 Transition to Professional Practice
448 Guided Study in Nursing (1)
450 Guided Study in Nursing (2)
452 Guided Study in Nursing
454 Guided Study in Nursing
460 Alternate Clinical Experience for RN Students (ACE) (4)
466 Intro to Nursing Management
479 Adults in Health and Illness Advanced Clinical Applications
561 Aging: Holistic Perspectives on Health
567 Relationship Centered Caring
569 Spirituality and Care of the Sick
570 Substance Abuse and Health


Curriculum Plan for Basic Program Option

The total number of credits required for graduation is 120.The plan below may be modified to meet an individual student's program. NB: The curriculum and this plan are subject to modification by the School of Nursing.

Freshman Year

Course # Course Title 1st 2nd
NURS 150 Introduction to Professional Nursing 2 -
BIOL 232/233 Anatomy/Physiology 4 4
CHEM 102/112 Organic and Biochemistry for Allied Health 4 -
BIOL 223 Microbiology - 3
PHIL 201/202 Classical Mind, Modern Mind 3 3
PSY 201 General Psychology 3 -
ENG 101 or ENG 111 Rhetoric and Composition or Composition and Literature - 3
SOC 301 or Math 114 Statistics for the Social Sciences or Probability and Statistics - 3
Total 16 16

Sophomore Year

Course #

Course Title

1st

2nd

NURS 310/371

Pathophysiology/Pharmacology

4

3

NURS 370

Community and Environmental Nursing Lecture

3

-

NURS 372

Community and Environmental Nursing Clinical Applications

-

2

NURS 240

Foundations of Nursing Practice

3

-

NURS 254

Communication for Health Care Professionals

-

31

NURS 258

Health Assessment

4

-1

NURS 257

Nutrition and Health

2

-1

NURS 272

Nursing Applications

-

3

TRS 200-261

Introductory Level Religion Course

32

Total

16/17

14/16

Junior Year

Course #

Course Title

1st

2nd

NURS 275

Adults in Health and Illness: Basic Clinical Applications

2

-

NURS 376

Adults in Health and Illness: Intermediate Clinical Applications

-

2

NURS 375

Mental Health Nursing Lecture

3

-

NURS 377

Mental Health Nursing Clinical Applications

2

-

TRS 333 or PHIL 303

Biomedical and Health Care Issues or Biomedical Ethics

-

3

NURS 378

Evidence-based Care/Health Informatics

3

-

NURS 380

Growth and Development Concepts for Nursing

-

3

NURS 403

Introduction to Nursing Research

-

3

Elective

Humanities or Liberal Studies

3

3

Total

13

14

Senior Year

Course # Course Title 1st 2nd
NURS 420 Child and Adolescent Health and Illness Lecture - 3
NURS 421 Child and Adolescent Health and Illness Clinical Applications - 2
NURS 423 Women in Health and Illness Lecture 3 -
NURS 428 Women in Health and Illness Clinical Applications 2 -
NURS 424 Management of Health Care Delivery 3 -
NURS 427 Transition to Professional Nursing Practice - 3
NURS 479 Adults in Health and Illness Advanced Clinical Applications 3 -
NURS 426 Adults in Health and Illness Clinical Leadership - 3
Free Electives 3 3
Total 14 14

Accelerated Program Option

The accelerated program option is a three to five semester sequence that leads to a B.S.N. degree. It is available to (a) students who have at least 55 transferable credits from an accredited institution of higher learning, or (b) students who already possess a baccalaureate or higher degree in the liberal arts or sciences including the required pre-requisite courses or (c) Registered Nurses with at least 55 semester credits from an accredited program. Opportunities to enroll in graduate courses are available for qualified students. Because the accelerated program depends upon a specific time sequence, unsuccessful performance in any nursing course (a grade of "W" or less than "C") will typically extend the length of time needed to complete the program.

Admission Requirements

Admission requirements include at least 55 semester credits from an accredited college or university, or a baccalaureate or higher degree earned within the past 10 years, with a cumulative grade point average of 3.0, and a transcript, which reflects courses in human anatomy and physiology, microbiology, chemistry (with organic chemistry content), statistics, nutrition, and humanities. A grade point average of 3.0 is required for anatomy and physiology, microbiology, and chemistry. Applicants are encouraged to consult the School of Nursing website for specific prerequisite course requirements.

Admission requirements for nurse applicants include submission of a high school transcript; submission of nursing program transcript; completion of all required transfer credit; a cumulative grade point average of 3.0; a current R.N. license valid in the United States; and two letters of recommendation from persons familiar with the applicant's academic ability and professional performance. Nurses not currently registered in the United States are not eligible for admission into the B.S.N. Completion Program.

Acceptance into the program option is not based solely on GPA and number of transfer credits, but also on evaluation of goal statement and references. Interviews may be requested by the Admissions Committee.

Curriculum Plan

There are two possible curriculum plans.

Standard Curriculum Plan for Accelerated Program Option.

First Year

Course # Course Title 1st 2nd
NURS 240 Foundations of Nursing Practice 3 -
NURS 258 Health Assessment 4 -
NURS 370 Community and Environmental Nursing Lecture 3 -
NURS 372 Community and Environmental Nursing Clinical Applications - 2
NURS 310/371 Pathophysiology/Pharmacology 4 3
TRS 333 Biomedical and Health Care Issues or Religion or Philosophy for transfer students - 3
NURS 272 Nursing Applications - 3
NURS 275 Adults in Health and Illness: Basic Clinical Applications 2 -
NURS 378 Evidence-based Care/Health Informatics - 3
Total 16 14

Summer Session

Course # Course Title Credits
NURS 375 Mental Health Nursing Lecture 3
NURS 377 Mental Health Nursing Clinical Applications 2
Total 5

Second Year

Course # Course Title 1st 2nd
NURS 420 Child and Adolescent Health and Illness Lecture - 3
NURS 421 Child and Adolescent Health and Illness Clinical Applications - 2
NURS 423 Women in Health and Illness Lecture 3 -
NURS 428 Women in Health and Illness Clinical Applications 2 -
NURS 424 Management of Health Care Delivery 3 -
NURS 403 Introduction to Nursing Research - 3
NURS 427 Transition to Professional Nursing Practice - 3
NURS 479 Adults in Health and Illness Advanced Clinical Applications 3 -
NURS 426 Adults in Health and Illness Clinical Leadership - 3
Free Electives 3 3
Total 14 17

Modified Curriculum Plan for Registered Nurses With Transferrable Nursing Credits

Registered nurses must have completed at least 55 semester credits of non-nursing courses from an accredited college or university but who also have 32 credits of nursing courses in an A.A.S. or certain diploma programs may be eligible for a modified curriculum plan in as little as one calendar year. The total number of transfer credits, accepted nursing credits, and CUA credits must total up to 120 credits. In addition, students must have completed the basic science requirements (anatomy, physiology, organic chemistry/biochemistry, and microbiology). In this plan, individualized clinical learning opportunities that take into account students' pre-college experiences will be developed when possible.

Course # Course Title Credits
NURS 701 Health Promotion 3
NURS 370 Community and Environmental Nursing Lecture 3
NURS 372 Community and Environmental Nursing Clinical Applications 2
NURS 391 Concepts for Professional Nursing 3
NURS 378 Evidence-based Care/Health Informatics 3
NURS 403 Introduction to Nursing Research 3
NURS 424 Management of Health Care Delivery 3
NURS 479 Adults in Health and Illness Advanced Clinical Applications 3
NURS 426 Adults in Health and Illness Clinical Leadership 3
PHIL 505 Moral Issues in Health Care 3
NURS 657 Advanced Health Assessment 3

Optional Free Elective (may be required to meet 120 credit minimum

for BSN degree)

1
Total 32

Combined B.S.N./M.S.N. Program Option for Registered Nurses

The combined B.S.N./M.S.N. program option is designed for registered nurses whose original preparation in nursing was received in accredited diploma or associate degree programs and who have identified the Master of Science in Nursing degree as their educational goal. An option is available to complete course requirements for both the B.S.N. and M.S.N. programs. The program of study incorporates courses that meet B.S.N. degree requirements and those that fulfill M.S.N. core and specialty concentration requirements. Contact the School of Nursing for more information.

Admission to B.S.N./M.S.N. Program

Admission requirements to the B.S.N./M.S.N. program option include the following: submission of high school transcript; submission of nursing school, college and university transcripts (3.0 grade point average) showing completion of 60 semester hours in non-nursing required coursework and 34 credits in nursing coursework (see Transfer Credit for RN students); current RN licensure without restrictions and eligibility for RN licensure in D.C.; two years experience since licensure; letters of recommendation from persons familiar with applicantâ??s academic ability and professional performance; declaration of clinical specialty and professional role area in masterâ??s program; and acceptable score on Graduate Record Examination.

To meet B.S.N. requirements

Course # Course Title Credits
NURS 370 Community and Environmental Nursing 3
NURS 372 Community and Environmental Nursing Clinical Applications 2
NURS 391 Concepts for Professional Nursing 3
NURS 378 Evidence-based Care/Health Informatics 3
NURS 403 Introduction to Nursing Research 3
NURS 426 Adults in Health and Illness Clinical Leadership 3
NURS 460 Alternate Clinical Experience 4
Statistics (graduate-level course) 3-4
Liberal Arts Elective 3
Bioethics 3
Health Assessment 4
Total 34-35

Total number of credits required for B.S.N.: 120.

To complete basic M.S.N. requirements:

Course # Course Title Credit
NURS 661 Theoretical Foundations of Advanced Practice Nursing 2
NURS 663 Health Care Policy, Organization 3
NURS 704 Research in Nursing 3
NURS 895 Capstone Research Project (or Thesis-6) 3(6)
Specific Courses Required for Advance Practice Role 19-26
Total 30-41
Total number of credits required for M.S.N. degree: 30-41.

Policies and Regulations

These policies and regulations apply to all students enrolled in the B.S.N. program and to students completing the B.S.N. component of the B.S.N./M.S.N. Program for Registered Nurses.

Grading and Progression Policies

  1. A student in the School of Nursing must maintain a minimum cumulative grade point average, GPA, of 2.0 in order to be in good academic standing
  2. Students must pass required pre- or co-requisites to progress to the next level (i.e., 200- 300- 400- level courses).
  3. A 2.0 cumulative GPA is required in the following basic natural science courses before entering sophomore nursing courses: chemistry, anatomy and physiology, and microbiology.
  4. Required science courses and courses in the nursing major may be repeated only once, including withdrawal and audit.
  5. A student may repeat a total of two nursing courses in which a D or F was earned and must pass them.
  6. A student may repeat only one nursing "clinical/performance" course in which a D or F was earned and must pass it. A satisfactory clinical/performance evaluation is necessary to pass clinical/performance courses.
  7. A minimum grade of C is required in all nursing courses.
  8. A student in the accelerated program must be successful in the first attempt of all nursing courses in order to meet the specified time sequence.

Essential Criteria for Progression in the Baccalaureate Nursing Program

Baccalaureate nursing students are expected to demonstrate beginning level cognitive and psychomotor skills in early courses and increasing competence as they progress through the program. The clinical evaluation tool spells out these performance expectations. Students must attain a grade of C or better in all nursing courses.

Policies Concerning Probation and Dismissal from the School of Nursing

A 2.0 minimum GPA must be achieved each academic semester and a 2.0 cumulative GPA must be maintained. Any student who fails to achieve at least a 2.0 GPA at the end of any academic semester or whose cumulative GPA falls below 2.0 will be placed on academic probation. A student on academic probation is allowed to register for no more than 14 hours per semester and may not progress in nursing performance courses. Participation in any extracurricular activities, such as student government or intercollegiate athletics, will be reviewed and may be restricted.

A student on probation may not graduate from the School of Nursing until she/he has achieved a 2.0 cumulative GPA.

Students placed on probation may be required to attend study skills and test-taking skills workshops prior to being removed from probation.

The following are the grounds for academic dismissal from the School of Nursing:

  1. Failure to gain a 2.0 cumulative GPA after two consecutive semesters on probationary status.
  2. Failure in three courses in any given semester.
  3. A cumulative GPA of less than 1.5 at the end of any academic year.
  4. Unsuccessful completion (D or F) of a nursing or required science course being repeated
  5. Unsuccessful completion in three nursing(D or F) or required science courses (F) throughout the course of study.
  6. Unsuccessful completion (D or F) in two nursing performance courses.

The School of Nursing maintains the Committee on Admissions, Progression, and Retention to monitor student progress and to make decisions concerning probation, academic dismissal, and subsequent appeals.

A student may request readmission or relief from the restrictions imposed by probation by appealing in writing to the Committee on Admissions, Progression, and Retention c/o Associate Dean, Undergraduate Programs.

Students dismissed from the School of Nursing may request and be considered for retention at the university if they satisfy minimum university requirements and if they are accepted by another School for internal transfer. Students dismissed from the School of Nursing who meet such requirements must transfer to another school or program.

Clinical Policies

Eligibility Requirements For Placement In Clinical Settings

Pre-registration: To be guaranteed a slot and to determine the number of sections required for clinical courses, pre-registration is required for clinical courses. Students who do not pre-register by the last day of class in the semester previous to the planned clinical will be placed on a wait list and are not guaranteed admission to the course.

Assignment of Clinical Placements: In the event that an agency declines to accept a student for clinical placement, the SON will make reasonable good faith attempts to place the student in a different setting. If the SON is unable obtain clinical placements for the student after two attempts within a given semester or three attempts over two semester because of specific student behaviors which violate agency policy, the student may be administratively withdrawn from the SON.

Criminal Behavior And Background Check Policy

Criminal background checks are mandatory for all undergraduate students prior to the start of their clinical coursework. They may be required of graduate students if required by the clinical agency. The SON and clinical agencies reserve the right to review the results of the criminal background check and to deny placement in a clinical setting on the basis of these results.

Evidence of past or present criminal behavior identified through the background check or through other documented evidence of criminal behavior may lead to administrative sanctions up to, and including dismissal from the School of Nursing. The procedures for conducting criminal background checks are provided to students through the Office of the Dean.

Health And Basic Life Support Requirements

Students must report, immediately in writing, any changes in health status which impact their safety, the safety of patients or those whom the student encounters, or which significantly affect their progression in the program to the pertinent Associate Dean.

Students are expected to comply with all agency requirements for placement in the clinical setting. These include documentation of health and immunization requirements and current cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) certification and may include drug/toxicology screening.

Failure to comply with these requirements may result in withdrawal from clinical courses with resultant effect upon the progression in the program.

Licensure:Registered Nurses in any clinical nursing program may be required to obtain licensure as Registered Nurses in the jurisdiction of their clinical placement.

Treatment of Information Regarding Health History and Past Criminal History

As a condition of placement in the clinical setting, the SON reserves the right to require that students sign a waiver allowing the SON to release pertinent health or background information to the supervising faculty member, or clinical associates and to the clinical placement site if any of the following conditions exist: (a) removal from prior clinical placements due to behavior or health concerns, (b) past health history suggesting elevated risk for substance abuse, (c) past or chronic health condition which with acute exacerbation may affect ability to provide safe care or (d) non-academically based disciplinary action by the SON or University

Clinical Standards for Admission, Academic Progression, and Graduation in Undergraduate and Graduate Nursing Programs.

By accepting admission and enrolling in the School of Nursing, the student certifies that he/she understands, meets at the time of admission, and continues to meet the essential eligibility requirement for clinical placement. These requirements pertain to (a) candor, (b) health-related behavioral standards, and (c) eligibility for placement in clinical settings.

Candor

Candor is defined as full disclosure of pertinent information as well as correction of inaccuracies or misperceptions. All students must complete a health clearance form which requires disclosure of any health conditions which may affect the student′s ability to enter clinical settings or the ability of the School of secure clinical placements.

Students in nursing programs with a clinical component will be required to submit to a criminal background check and to fully disclose their relevant health history that may impact their health or safety in a clinical setting, or the health or safety of those around them. This may include, but is not limited to, any history of chemical dependency/substance use (i.e. alcohol, drugs, controlled substances).

Whether or not they represent a current threat to practice, disciplinary action or dismissal from the School of Nursing may result from failing to fully disclose relevant health history, criminal background and falsification or material omission of information.

Health-Related Behavioral Standards.

In accordance with law and University policy, no qualified individual with a disability shall, on the basis of that disability, be excluded from participation in The Catholic University of America programs or activities. The SON in accord with University policy will provide reasonable accommodation to a qualified individual with a disability. To obtain accommodations, individuals must request them from the Office of Disability Services

Admission and continuation in the SON programs is contingent on general abilities, behavioral and social attributes, and the ability to professionally manage stressful situations. The required behavioral attributes are outlined below:

General Abilities: The student is expected to possess functional use of the senses of vision, touch, hearing, and smell so that data received by the senses may be integrated, analyzed, and synthesized in a consistent and accurate manner. A student must also possess the ability to perceive pain, pressure, temperature, position, vibration, and movement that are important to the student′s ability to gather significant information needed to effectively evaluate patients. A student must be able to respond promptly to urgent situations that may occur during clinical training activities and must not hinder the ability of other members of the health care team to provide prompt treatment and care to patients.

Observational Ability: The student must have sufficient capacity to make accurate visual observations and interpret them in the context of laboratory studies, medication administration, and patient care activities. In addition, the student must be able to document these observations and maintain accurate records.

Communication Ability: The student must communicate effectively to elicit information and to translate that information to others. Each student must have the ability to read, write, comprehend and speak the English language to facilitate communication with patients, their family members, and other professionals in health care settings. In addition, the student must be able to maintain accurate patient records, present information in a professional, logical manner and provide patient counseling and instruction to effectively care for patients and their families. The student must communicate effectively verbally and in writing with instructors and other students in the classroom setting as well. This requires verbal abilities , control of nonâ??verbal behaviors which limit communication and the ability to respond to non-verbal cues from patients, fellow students, and instructors.

Motor Ability: The student must be able to perform gross and fine motor movements with sufficient coordination needed to perform complete physical examinations utilizing the techniques of inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation, and other diagnostic maneuvers. A student must develop the psychomotor skills reasonably needed to perform or assist with procedures, treatments, administration of medication, management and operation of diagnostic and therapeutic medical equipment, and such maneuvers to assist with patient care activities such as lifting, wheel chair guidance, and mobility. The student must have sufficient levels of neuromuscular control and eye-to-hand coordination as well as possess the physical and mental stamina to meet the demands associated with satisfactory and safe performance in the clinical and classroom settings including performing CPR if necessary.

Intellectual, Conceptual, and Quantitative Abilities: The student must be able to develop and refine problem-solving skills that are crucial to practice as a nurse. Problem solving involves the abilities to measure, calculate, reason, analyze, and synthesize objective and subjective data, and to make decisions, often in a time urgent environment, that reflect consistent and thoughtful deliberation and sound clinical judgment. Each student must demonstrate mastery of these skills and possess the ability to formulate sound judgment in patient assessment, intervention, evaluation, teaching, and setting short and long term goals.

Behavioral and Social Attributes: Compassion, integrity, motivation, effective interpersonal skills, and concern for others are personal attributes required of those in the nursing programs. Comfort with and acceptance of the role of a nurse functioning under supervision of a clinical instructor or preceptor is essential for a nursing student. The student must possess the skills required for full utilization of the studentâ??s intellectual abilities; the exercise of good judgment; the prompt completion of all responsibilities in the classroom and clinical settings; and the development of mature, sensitive, and effective relationships with patients and other members of the health care team. Each student must be able to exercise stable, sound judgment and to complete assessment and interventional activities. The ability to establish rapport and maintain sensitive, interpersonal relationships with individuals, families, and groups from a variety of social, emotional, cultural and intellectual backgrounds is critical for practice as a nurse. The student must be able to adapt to changing environments; display flexibility; accept and integrate constructive criticism given in the classroom and clinical settings; effectively interact in the clinical setting with other members of the healthcare team; and learn to function cooperatively and efficiently in the face of uncertainties inherent in clinical practice.

Ability to Manage Stressful Situations: The student must be able to adapt to and function effectively to stressful situations in both the classroom and clinical settings, including emergency situations. Students will encounter multiple stressors while in the nursing programs. These stressors may be (but are not limited to) personal, patient care/family, faculty/peer, and or program related.

Unsafe Practice

Unsafe practice is defined as behavior which threatens, or has the potential to threaten, the safety of a client, another student, a faculty member, or other health care provider in the clinical placement.

Students are not allowed to practice in a clinical setting without the knowledge or supervision of a faculty member.

Students who exhibit potentially unsafe practice during a clinical experience may be immediately withdrawn from the clinical setting. This decision may be made by the clinical faculty or at the request of the clinical agency.

Students who are at risk for unsafe practice may also be prevented from attending their clinical practicum or experience, until the unsafe practice concern has been investigated and satisfactorily resolved. Exact procedures for reporting, documenting, investigating and resolving concerns regarding unsafe practice are found in the SON students clinical practice guidelines.

If the concern cannot be , resolved, the student may be subject to additional administrative sanctions and may be subject to administrative dismissal from the program and the SON.

The student has the right to follow the published University procedures in the event of course failure or program dismissal

Clinical/Lab Attendance

1. Clinical/Lab attendance is mandatory.

2. Unexcused absences will not be accepted. The composite course grade will be lowered by one (1) grade level for each unexcused absence (i.e., A to A-). Excused absences are defined in the course syllabus and examination policies of the relevant clinical courses.

3. One excused absence, while accepted, will necessitate a make-up assignment at the discretion of the faculty. Failure to complete the assignment will lower the composite course grade by one (1) grade level (i.e., A to A-). Further excused absences may affect the student grade and possibly progression in the program.

4. The student is expected to notify the appropriate persons, as identified in specific courses, of an emergency requiring an absence or tardiness prior to the beginning of the clinical/lab experience. The student is responsible to be aware of the specific requirements for each course and to follow those procedures.

5. Habitual tardiness to clinical/lab, defined as more than one occurrence, will result in lowering of the composite course grade by one level (i.e., A to A-) for each occurrence.

HIPPA Adherence

All students are expected to comply with the requirements of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) as applied to clinical education.

Failure to adhere to these expectations may result in immediate removal from the clinical settings and additional academic sanctions including course failure and if necessary dismissal.

Specifically, it is expected that all students in SON arrange to complete training on HIPAA prior to participating in clinical practica or rotations; if this training is not provided by the clinical agency as part of the orientation process, the student is expected to complete the CUA HIPAA tutorial http://counsel.cua.edu/employment/publications/

Students are expected to maintain the privacy of individually identifiable health information (IIHI ) by taking the following steps to protect against disclosure of IIHI:

Students in a clinical setting must ensure that they do not bring IIHI back acquired during their clinical coursework into the classroom. Students are expected to remove identifying information when discussing their clinical experiences as part of coursework.
Students should not retain any IIHI after the need to use it has ended.
IIHI must be used only for research and/or education. Students must not share or discuss information outside the educational setting.
Students are expected to follow the HIPAA guidelines of the clinical placement setting. Students should read, understand, sign and follow confidentiality and privacy policy statements, which will vary from site to site. For example, a health care facility or clinical site may have a strict rule prohibiting taking any IIHI from the setting back to the classroom.

Student Responsibility

Attendance. The faculty and administration in the School of Nursing consider attendance in class necessary to master the body of knowledge needed for safe clinical practice and adequate preparation for licensure. Therefore, class and clinical/lab attendance is mandatory. The responsibility for prompt and regular class and clinical/lab attendance rests upon the individual student. Professors are responsible for establishing and communicating policy regarding documentation and consequences of absenteeism in their individual classes. This may include requiring authentication of unavoidable absences and the inability for a student to receive a passing grade.

Transportation to Agencies. The student is expected to assume responsibility for transportation in connection with the clinical practice, community health practice and field trips. Public transportation is often available at these sites.

Insurance. All sophomore, junior and senior students are required to carry malpractice insurance. It is available through the university. This insurance applies only for clinical practice while enrolled in university courses. It does not cover students involved in personal employment. See Fees and Expenses in the General Information section of these Announcements.

Health Clearance. The student is required to meet School of Nursing health requirements prior to admission and prior to entering clinical coursework.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, CPR. The student is required to meet basic CPR requirements prior to entering clinical coursework.

Drug/Alcohol Screen. A negative drug and alcohol screen may be required.

Security/Background Checks. Beginning with the sophomore year, background checks are required prior to entering clinical coursework.


1 May be taken either semester.

2 At least one of the 200-level TRS courses must be numbered 200-261; students of non-Christian background may take TRS 291 to fulfill this requirement.