The Catholic University of America


Officers of Instruction


Rev. Kurt J.Pritzl, O.P., Ph.D.
Dean and Associate Professor
Rev. Jean De Groot,Ph.D.
Associate Dean and Associate Professor
Gregory T.Doolan, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Jude P. Dougherty,, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus and Dean Emeritus
Thérèse-Anne Druart, Ph.D.
Michael Gorman,Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Richard Hassing,,Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Tobias Hoffmann,Ph.D.
Associate Professor
V. Bradley Lewis,Ph.D.
Associate Professor
John C.McCarthy,Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Angela McKay,Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Rev. George McLean, O.M.I.,Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Virgil P. Nemoianu, Ph.D.
Timothy B.Noone, Ph.D.
Monsignor Robert Sokolowski, Ph.D.
Elizabeth Breckenridge Caldwell Professor of Philosophy
Richard Velkley, Ph.D.
Matthias Vorwerk, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Rev. William A. Wallace, O.P., Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Kevin White, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Monsignor John F. Wippel, Ph.D.
Holger Zaborowski, D.Phil.
Assistant Professor

Associates of the Faculty

Sister Marian Brady, S.P., Ph.D.
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Alfred Miller, M.D., Ph.D.
Maria Miller, Ph.D.
Michael Pakaluk,, Ph.D.
Visiting Associate Professor
Gregory Reichberg, Ph.D.
Research Associate
Rev. David Thayer, S.S., Ph.D.
Rev. James Watkins, Ph.D.


Formally inaugurated in 1895, the School of Philosophy has accepted 399 doctoral dissertations on issues confronting every major philosophical discipline and every figure in the history of philosophy. The school continues this endeavor against the background of a broad consensus on the definitive importance of two perennial questions: What is the human good? What are the ultimate principles of being and knowledge? The awareness of these questions and the study of their possible answers constitute an end and an ethos in light of which the school chooses to concentrate on the careful reading of primary sources in the history of philosophy. The school is established as an ecclesiastical faculty and offers undergraduate programs leading to the ecclesiastical degree Bachelor of Philosophy as well as the civil degree Bachelor of Arts.


Specific to the Catholic intellectual tradition is an abiding concern for the relation between faith and reason, the intelligibility of nature, the reality of organic form or soul, the inquiry into causal hierarchies, and the possibility of an ethics and political philosophy based on rational insight into human nature. Accordingly, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine and Aquinas form a basic framework in relation to which Neoplatonism, the Islamic contribution, the ferment of late Scholasticism, the emergence of early modern philosophy and natural science, the attempts at synthesis of the natural and the human within German idealism, the impact of Nietzsche, and the analytical and phenomenological movements are studied.

Despite its richness and diversity, modern philosophy is paradoxically marked by an anti-philosophical tendency. With notable exceptions, modern thought is characterized by skepticism concerning the very possibility of philosophy as the search for truth about ultimate principles and human good, and by inattention to the meaning of practical wisdom in non-philosophical life. Cultivation of an intellectual awareness adequate to this situation is a principal goal of the School of Philosophy.

Requirements for Admission

Applicants for admission to the School of Philosophy should obtain a form of application from the Office of Graduate Admissions of the university or from the dean of the school. This must be properly completed and returned to the Office of Graduate Admissions at least one month in advance of registration day as indicated in the University Calendar. A completed application for admission must be on file by Feb. 1 to be given priority for merit-based scholarships.

Each student entering the university for the first time must be enrolled and registered on or before the first day of class.

Applicants to all graduate programs in the School of Philosophy are required to submit the following credentials:

A Completed and Signed Application Form

A Statement of Purpose

In an essay of 500 to 700 words, state your purpose in undertaking graduate study in philosophy. Include your academic objective, research interests and career plans. Also discuss your related qualifications, including collegiate, professional and community activities, and any other substantial accomplishments not already mentioned on the application form.

Official Transcripts

Applicants should contact the registrar of every school previously attended and request an official transcript be sent directly to the Office of Graduate Admissions.

Transcripts marked "Student Copy" or "Issued to the Student" will not be accepted. Official transcripts must be sent in sealed envelopes with an official university stamp or signature across the seal to ensure confidentiality.

Transcripts should show receipt of a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution, the courses completed toward the degree, the grade in each course and the basis for grading in effect at the institution. If applicants are applying to the Ph.D. program, they must submit transcripts that show receipt of a master's degree from an accredited institution, the courses completed toward the degree, the grade in each course and the basis for grading in effect at the institution.

Students who have not received the bachelor's degree but submit evidence of satisfactory training equivalent to that required for the bachelor's degree may be admitted, as in the case of foreign training, as shown by official documents, in schools where no degrees are regularly granted. Each case must be presented to and passed upon by the Committee on Admissions.

Applicants will not be considered for admission unless they have received a cumulative average that can be evaluated as a "B."

Enrollment in university graduate courses for students completing their final year of undergraduate or graduate degree study is contingent upon the receipt of the final transcript showing the conferral of the degree.

Three Letters of Recommendation

Submit the three confidential recommendation forms that are included in the application packet. If your recommenders wish to provide additional information about your qualifications for graduate study, they may also submit letters of recommendation.

(Recommenders who submit letters should use their own letterhead, include their printed name and signature and your full name.) Recommendation forms and letters should be returned in a sealed envelope with the recommender's signature across the seal.

Recommendations should give evidence of personal aptitude and academic preparation for advanced study in philosophy. Former or present college or university instructors are usually best able to provide the type of recommendation most useful to the admissions committee.

Standardized Test Scores

Applicants must submit official GRE scores dated within the last five years. All applicants from countries and areas where English is not the common spoken language must submit an official Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) score report. CUA's TOEFL code is 5104.

$200 Nonrefundable Application Fee

An interview with the prospective student will be held in cases where the Committee on Admissions deems it necessary, and the right is reserved to require entrance examinations in any individual case.

Nondegree Applicants

Nondegree students, both undergraduate and graduate, are admitted to such courses as they may select without the intention of going on for academic degrees. Before admission they must furnish satisfactory evidence of their fitness to follow these courses profitably.

Applicants to the nondegree program in the School of Philosophy are required to submit a completed and signed application form, official transcripts and an application fee (except for those applying to the pre-theology program who are also required to submit a statement of purpose and three recommendations).

Applicants should also refer to the General Information section of the university Announcements for more information on admission requirements.

Transfer of Credits

Graduate work done in other institutions will not be accepted towards fulfilling the requirements for the master's degree or the licentiate. Graduate work done in other institutions of approved standing, and not used to fulfill the requirements for the doctoral degree elsewhere, may be offered in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the doctoral degree in the School of Philosophy provided this work is approved by the dean. A maximum of two semesters of graduate work in philosophy may be transferred from another institution.

At least four semesters of full-time graduate work toward the doctoral degree must be done in residence at The Catholic University of America. One of these years must be the last year.

A candidate for the doctoral degree who applies for credit for graduate work done at other institutions may be granted such credit as, in the judgment of the dean, is deemed suitable. Judgment will be passed only after the student has studied at The Catholic University of America for a time sufficient to give adequate opportunity to evaluate the student's grasp of the subject taken elsewhere.

Graduate Programs

Master of Arts or Licentiate in Philosophy

1. Candidates must have received a bachelor's degree from a recognized institution. A minimum of eight undergraduate courses in select philosophical disciplines, including one course in symbolic logic, is required before regular standing as an M.A. candidate is achieved. Where a deficiency exists, certain graduate courses may be taken as the candidate completes the undergraduate requirement.

2. Candidates must complete in residence two semesters of full-time study (or the equivalent). A minimum of eight three-credit courses is required. All course selection requires approval of the dean and aims to achieve, in the totality of required courses, both breadth and depth in the history and problems of philosophy. Students may not repeat a graduate philosophy course in order to raise their grade.

3. Candidates must present a thesis to be approved by the faculty. This thesis must be presented not later than the deadline for the deposit of the thesis that is printed in the University Calendar. Detailed instructions about the preparation of the final copy and other procedures may be obtained from the dean's office. Six credits are awarded for the thesis upon the completion of all other requirements for the degree.

4. Candidates must pass the following examinations:

a. All regular examinations in each course.

b. In addition to fulfilling the university's language requirement, a written examination administered by the School of Philosophy in which the candidate demonstrates an ability to read either French, German, Greek or Latin.

c. An oral examination, of one hour, before four members of the faculty. Candidates for the M.A. or Ph.L. degree must take their oral examination before the end of the second semester after the semester in which they complete their required coursework.

d. M.A. or Ph.L. degree candidates must complete all degree requirements within three years after admission to the program. Students are permitted to do doctoral coursework before completing the requirements for the M.A. or Ph.L., but this does not imply that the school will admit the student to the Ph.D. program.

Doctor of Philosophy

Students admitted to the doctoral program must first secure the M.A. or Ph.L. degree in accordance with this school's requirements for these degrees. M.A. degrees conferred by other institutions, which meet these requirements, are recognized.

Students must spend at least two additional years (four semesters) for the doctorate following special courses approved by the dean and the faculty. A minimum of 20 courses or 60 semester hours of coursework is required for the Ph.D. This includes work completed for the M.A. degree (but not credits awarded for the completion of an M.A. thesis). All course selection requires approval of the dean and aims to achieve, in the totality of required courses, both breadth and depth in the history and problems of philosophy. Students may not repeat a graduate philosophy course in order to raise their grade.

Ph.D. candidacy follows upon:

1. completion of all coursework for the Ph.D.

2. passing one part of the three-part Graduate Reading Program Examination.

3. Ph.D. Dissertation:

Within two years of attaining Ph.D. candidacy, the student must have the Ph.D. dissertation proposal approved by the student's faculty board and submitted to the dean for approval by the faculty of the School of Philosophy and the university.

The candidate must present a dissertation that gives evidence of power of research, of ability to do independent scientific work, of mastery of the candidate's part of the chosen field and is of sufficient merit to warrant publication.

When the dissertation is completed and tentatively approved by the director and readers, a public oral examination will be conducted by an oral examination board. The board will consist of a chair and a secretary, who will be appointed from university faculty outside the School of Philosophy, plus the director and the two readers of the dissertation.

The completed Ph.D. dissertation must be defended no later than five years after admission to Ph.D. candidacy.

The defense of the Ph.D. dissertation cannot take place until all other requirements for the Ph.D. have been fulfilled.

Final approval of the dissertation is realized after the defense, when all conditions on the part of the board have been met and any objections satisfied.

Candidates must pass the following examinations:

1. Regular examinations in all courses.

2. Written examinations on two of the three parts of the Graduate Reading Program.

3. In addition to the university's language requirement, written examinations admin-istered by the School of Philosophy in which they demonstrate their ability to read both French and German. Both languages are prerequisite for the Ph.D. degree. These examinations must be passed one year before the degree is granted.

4. A public oral examination on the Ph.D. dissertation.

The Ph.D. degree is granted when all the above requirements have been fulfilled by the candidate and approved by the faculty of the School of Philosophy and the Academic Senate of the university.

Dual-Degree Programs

In conjunction with the Columbus School of Law at The Catholic University of America, the School of Philosophy offers a dual-degree program for students who qualify for admission to both institutions. The program makes it possible to earn an M.A. degree in philosophy and a J.D. degree in law.

The School of Philosophy also offers a dual-degree program with the Georgetown University Medical Center for those students who qualify for admission to both institutions. This program offers an M.D. degree and an M.A. degree in philosophy.

For more information on these programs, please contact the Office of the Dean.


Graduate Reading Program Examinations

The Graduate Reading Program of primary sources is required of all Ph.D. degree candidates. The program is divided into three parts with reading lists corresponding approximately to a threefold chronological division of the history of philosophy. To be admitted as a candidate for the Ph.D. degree, a student must pass an examination on one of the parts. To qualify for the Ph.D. degree, a student must pass an examination on a second part, thus passing examinations on two of the three parts. Both examinations must be passed before students are entitled to defend their doctoral dissertation. Students may take the two examinations in any order. Copies of the current reading lists are available in the Office of the Dean.

Examinations on each part of the Graduate Reading Program are written examinations given on two consecutive days, each day's session consisting of a continuous four-hour period.

At each session the student will write essays on four questions chosen from the six presented by the examiner. Each of the eight essays will be corrected by two faculty members. A grade of B- is necessary to pass. The final mark for each essay will be the average of the marks of the two correctors. If, however, one corrector passes the essay while the other fails it, a third faculty member will grade the essay, and the final grade will be the average of all three marks. The average of the final eight marks constitutes the grade for that part of the Graduate Reading Program Examination. Essay topics will be contributed, and the examination graded by the reading program committee, which consists of six members appointed by the dean.

Graduate Reading Program Examinations will be offered twice a year, in October and March, and only at The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. All three parts of the reading program will be available in each of these two examination periods, although no student may attempt more than one part in a given two-day examination period. No student may attempt any part of the three-part examination more than three times.

Copies of past Graduate Reading Program Examinations or sample sets of questions are available in advance of the examination dates in the Office of the Dean.

Approval of Doctoral Dissertation Topic

The following procedure will be adhered to in securing the approval of a doctoral dissertation topic:

1. Upon fulfilling the conditions for the Ph.D. candidacy and after consultation with the dean, the student will ask a faculty member to assume the direction of the dissertation. After securing a director and after consultation with the dean and the director the student will ask two faculty members to serve on the dissertation board. In special cases and with the consent of the dean a fourth member may be invited to serve on the board.

2. After securing the agreement of a director and two faculty members to serve on the dissertation board, the student will inform the dean. The dean will appoint the faculty members to serve on the dissertation board.

3. The student will prepare a written two-page draft proposal with two-page select bibliography for the approval of the director. The other board members may be consulted in the preparation of the draft proposal.

4. Upon approval of the draft proposal by the director a meeting of the dissertation board will be called to discuss and revise the proposal. If revision is required the board will meet again within a period of four weeks to accept or reject the revised proposal.

5. If the proposal is accepted, the candidate then prepares, with the guidance of the dissertation board, the formal two-page proposal with two-page select bibliography according to directives given on the Request for Approval Form to submit to the dean for approval by the faculty and university.

Language Requirements

Language examinations for all candidates for advanced degrees in the School of Philosophy are given according to policies and procedures determined by the Academic Senate of the university and the school.

For the master's degree or the licentiate, a reading knowledge of French, German, Latin or Greek is required. For French or German both the university and the school examination must be satisfied. The university requirement is satisfied either by passing the respective graduate reading comprehension course offered by the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures or the respective Graduate Foreign Language Test administered by the university Counseling Center. The school requirement is satisfied by passing the respective language examination administered by the school. There is no university examination program for Latin or Greek, and passing the school examination is sufficient to satisfy the foreign language requirement for the master's degree or licentiate.

For the doctor of philosophy a reading knowledge of French and German is required. Both the university and the school examination must be satisfied. No language will be recognized as a substitute for French and German. All language requirements must be fulfilled one year prior to the time of the presentation of the candidate's degree.

Language Examinations Administered by the School

The language examinations administered by the school, one in French, one in German, one in Latin and one in Greek, are given in October, March and July. They are administered in two parts: normally one part is based on a passage from a primary source and one part on a passage from a secondary source like a current philosophical journal. The examination is administered in two three-hour sessions in which the student is required to translate the passages presented. The student may use one dictionary throughout the examination.

Candidates for the M.A. or the Ph.L. degree must pass one such examination either in French, German, Latin or Greek. Candidates for the Ph.D. must pass examinations in both French and German.

A foreign language examination committee, appointed by the dean, will be responsible for the preparation and the grading of the examination.

More detailed information about the language exam is available in the Office of the Dean.

Continuous Enrollment of Graduate Students

Every graduate student is required to maintain continuous enrollment from the date of first registration until a degree program is completed, unless granted a leave of absence. The following is a summary of the enrollment regulations that apply to graduate students.

Enrollment Options

1. Course requirements not completed. Student must register for at least three credits of graduate coursework (or approved undergraduate remedial work), unless granted a leave of absence.

2. Course requirements completed but two parts of the Graduate Reading Program Examination not passed. Student must register for additional coursework, comprehensive examination or in absentia status, unless granted a leave of absence.

3. Two parts of the Graduate Reading Program Examination passed but the Ph.D. dissertation not completed. Student must register for Dissertation Guidance (three semester hours) each semester until the Ph.D. dissertation defense has taken place, unless a leave of absence or in absentia status has been granted.

Eligibility Criteria for Leave of Absence or in Absentia

Approval for leave of absence requires documentation of sustained ill health, required military service or other circumstances resulting in involuntary interruption of graduate studies. An approved leave of absence period is not counted in determining deadlines. The cumulative total period may not normally exceed one year.

In petitioning for in absentia status, the student documents that he or she is required to be away from campus while preparing the Ph.D. dissertation. One semester hour of tuition is charged. In absentia status is available only to students who have completed all course requirements. In absentia status is available for M.A. candidates except for the semester in which the thesis is approved and in which the M.A. oral examination is taken. This option is not available for the semester in which the Ph.D. dissertation topic is submitted and approved, nor for the semester in which the oral defense is scheduled. Eligibility is usually limited to a total of two semesters. A student who fails to maintain continuous enrollment under one of the options available is presumed to have withdrawn from the university and must therefore petition for readmission.

Special Endowments and Funds

Financial support for graduate study is listed elsewhere, including specific funding for students in the School of Philosophy. The following special endowments and funds also exist to assist doctoral students in the school.

The Aristotle Fund

This fund makes awards to students in the School of Philosophy with approved doctoral dissertation proposals on the philosophy of Aristotle and on Aristotelian philosophy more generally.

The Dr. Robert R. Banville Doctoral Fellowship Fund

This fund offers substantial stipends for graduate students with approved dissertation topics whose studies would lead to a philosophical understanding of the conditions for world peace and international cooperation in economic, social and cultural affairs. Dr. Robert R. Banville Scholars must also show leadership potential in advancing the cause of peace, understanding and cooperation between nations and peoples.

The Johnston Doctoral Fellowship Fund

This fund provides scholarships for graduate students in the School of Philosophy for their fourth and fifth years of full-time study.

The Monsignor Joseph B. McAllister Fund

This fund provides scholarships for lay students in the School of Philosophy in the field of scholastic Thomistic philosophy.

The Catharine Ryan Doctoral Fellowship Fund

This fund provides scholarships and stipends for graduate students in the School of Philosophy for their fourth and fifth years of full-time study.

Basselin Foundation

Advisory Committee President of the University; Provost of the University; Provincial, Society of St. Sulpice
Administrative Officer Rev. Melvin C. Blanchette, S.S., Rector, Theological College

In fulfillment of the will of Theodore Basselin, The Catholic University of America established a foundation in his name to provide fellowships in a special course of studies for diocesan seminarians preparing for the Catholic priesthood. Candidates for the fellowships must have completed two years of the liberal arts curriculum in a college/university or a college/university program under diocesan sponsorship; they must also have given evidence of superior performance in their studies. The Basselin Foundation fellowships carry such students through three years of intensive work in philosophy: two years on the undergraduate level and one year of postgraduate work.

The undergraduate course of studies is the concentration program of the School of Philosophy. Students admitted under the Basselin fellowships must qualify for this program and maintain an acceptable average to retain their fellowships.

In the curriculum, first importance is given to those branches of philosophy most necessary as a preparation for the study of theology; stress is laid upon the courses in scholastic philosophy. The Basselin fellowship, as is stipulated in its charter, also requires its recipient to give special attention to public speaking in view of later pastoral responsibilities.

During the three-year fellowship full tuition, room and board are provided to students accepted into the program.

In addition to these academic and financial benefits, the students continue their preparation for the priesthood through participation in the life and programs of Theological College of The Catholic University of America. Although the Basselin students are part of the larger community, they receive attention in areas specific to their stage in priestly preparation.

In addition to the regular requirements for degrees cited above, Basselin students are required to take three courses in the area of public speaking. Two of these, taken usually in the junior year, are available in the School of Philosophy:

PHIL 374 Ritual, Language, and Action
PHIL 375 Liturgical Readings

The third course is available in the offerings of the Department of Drama, if the student has not previously taken a speech or drama class.

Pre-Theology Program

In conformity with the requirements of the Program for Priestly Formation, Fourth Edition (1993) regarding pre-theology study (nos. 209-248), the School of Philosophy and the School of Theology and Religious Studies, in conjunction with Theological College, offer a comprehensive and flexible pre-theology program for candidates for priestly ministry. The School of Philosophy offers a coordinated series of academic courses for the intellectual formation of pre-theology students. Core courses consist of 24 credits in philosophy distributed as follows: Reasoning and Argumentation, Philosophy of Human Nature, Philosophy of Knowledge, Metaphysics I and II, Ancient Philosophy, Medieval Philosophy and Modern Philosophy. Besides these core courses, other electives are recommended such as Contemporary Philosophy, Functions of Philosophy in Theology, Virtue and Human Action and Philosophy of Science. The pre-theology program also includes 12 credits in theology distributed as follows: Biblical Revelation, the History and the Doctrine of the Church, Liturgy and Spirituality and Christian Ethics. Descriptions of the specific courses by which these credits may be fulfilled can be found in the School of Theology and Religious Studies section of these Announcements.

Pre-theology students are also encouraged to take courses in art and music of Catholic piety and culture as well as modern and classical languages, which are regularly available throughout the university.

Summer Sessions

The School of Philosophy operates in the Summer Sessions for undergraduates. Many candidates and prospective candidates for graduate degrees find the Summer Sessions advantageous for making up deficiencies in undergraduate training in principal and auxiliary subjects, such as foreign languages. Students in the Summer Sessions are subject to the same scholastic requirements as those of the academic year.

Course Offerings

Please consult the school Web site at for descriptions of graduate courses offered in the current semester. The following list presents courses recently taught by the faculty and those offered on a regular basis.

PHIL Course Title
505 Moral Issues in Health Care-Nursing Students Only
510 Freedom and the Human Person
515 Nature and the Philosophy of Science
561 Functions of Philosophy in Theology
601 Philosophy of Science
602 History of Medieval Philosophy
607 Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit
609 Virtue and Human Action
612 Wittgenstein's Tractatus
628 Thomistic Principles in Political Philosophy
701 Theories of Aesthetics
702 Descartes's Meditations
706 Plato's Republic
708 Husserl's Logical Investigations
712 Aristotle's De Anima
714 Analytic Philosophy of Mind
715 Descartes's Passions of the Soul
716 Theoretical Approaches to Bioethics
718 Hume's Inquiries
721 Philosophy of Language
724 Aristotle's Categories and On Interpretation
726 Plato's Meno
727 Aquinas's Aristotelian Commentaries
729 Aristotle's Posterior Analytics
731 Topics in the Philosophy of Nature
736 Opinion in Plato and Aristotle
738 Early Greek Philosophy
747 Plotinus
750 Kant's Critique of Practical Reason
751 Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom
53 Aristotle's Physics
754 The Problem of Evil in Neoplatonic Philosophy
758 Francis Bacon and the Mastery of Nature
759 Medieval and Contemporary Theories of Free Choice
764 Divine Providence: Book 3 of the Summa contra Gentiles
765 Metaphysical Themes in Thomas Aquinas
766 Metaphysical Themes in Thomas Aquinas II
768 Aristotle and the Metaphysics
771 Nietzsche's Beyond Good and Evil
776 Plato's Laws
777 The Problem of Public Reason
779 The Philosophy of Schelling
781 Descartes's Science
782 The Agent of Truth
788 Illumination: An Experiment in Epistemology
789 Thomas Aquinas, Radical Aristotelianism, and the Paris Condemnations of 1270 and 1277
791 The Thought of William of Ockham
793 Heidegger's Being and Time
794 Augustinian Themes in St. Bonaventure and the Early Franciscans
797 Metaphysics of John Duns Scotus
809 Modernity and Humanism
813 Plato's Theaetetus
814 Aristotle's Metaphysics
816 The Confessions of St. Augustine
818 Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy
819 Aquinas's Treatise on the Passions of the Soul
822 Philosophies of Culture
823 Kant's Critique of Judgment
826 Anthropology of Karol Wojtyla/JohnPaul II
827 Quantum Physics and the Philosophy of Nature
831 Husserl's Cartesian Meditations
837 Topics in Nineteenth Century German Philosophy
839 The Phaedo and the Epicureans and Stoics on Life and Death
841 Heidegger's Late Philosophy
842 Thomas Aquinas Speaks of God
847 Universals and Particulars in Analytic Metaphysics
848 Hume's A Treatise on Human Nature
849 Medical Ethics Seminar
850 Hegel's Philosophy of Right
852 Kant's Critique of Pure Reason
853 Augustine on Free Choice of Will
854 Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics
855 Christian Personalism
858 Friendship in Plato and Aristotle
863 The Genesis of German Idealism
864 Aquinas on the Goodness and Malice of Human Acts
865 Essence and Necessity in Analytic Metaphysics
867 Husserl's Crisis of European Sciences
869 Aquinas's Commentary on Aristotle's De interpretatione
870 Avicenna's Metaphysics
871 Thomas Aquinas on Free Choice
872 Formal Ontology and Logic
874 Leibniz and Vico
875 Plato's Early Dialogues
876 Hobbes's Leviathan
877 Aquinas's Questions on the Soul
878 Philosophy of Law
888 Aristotle's Politics
889 Husserl's Formal and Transcendental Logic

Last Revised 20-Feb-08 01:35 PM.